A comparison of antigen-induced and calcium ...
|Title||A comparison of antigen-induced and calcium ionophore A23187 induced contraction of isolated guinea pig trachea|
|Author(s)||John F. Burka, N. A. Paterson|
|Journal||Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology|
|Abstract||Ovalbumin (OA) and the calcium ionophore A23187 induced a dose-dependent contraction of guinea pig tracheal strips. The OA-induced contraction (of sensitized trachea) consisted of an initial peak concentration, maximal between 5 and 10 min, followed by a very gradual decline from the peak. On the other hand, A23187 induced a sustained contraction of the trachea with a more gradual onset. Both antigen- and A23187-induced contractions required the presence of extracellular calcium. The response was not reduced by delaying (up to 10 min) the addition of calcium, suggesting that the mechanism of antigen-induced contraction differs from that of antigen-induced histamine secretion from rat mast cells and human basophils. The 1st min of the OA-induced contraction was inhibited significantly by mepyramine (10(-5) M) suggesting that histamine contributed to the contraction at this time point. In contrast, A23187-induced contraction was unaffected by mepyramine. On the other hand, both the A23187-induced contraction and the prolonged phase of the OA-induced contraction were enhanced by indomethacin, a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, and inhibited by phenidone, a cyclooxygenase-lipoxygenase inhibitor. This suggests that a product of the lipoxygenase pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism contributes to OA- and A23187-induced contraction of the guinea pig trachea.|
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