An in vitro biomechanical investigation of an ...

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Title An in vitro biomechanical investigation of an interlocking nail for fixation of diaphyseal tibial fractures in adult horses
Author(s) Laurie A. McDuffee, S. M. Stover, K. T. Taylor, C. M. Les
Journal Veterinary Surgery: VS: The Official Journal of the American College of Veterinary Surgeons
Date 1994
Volume 23
Issue 4
Start page 219
End page 230
Abstract The compressive, bending and torsional mechanical properties of osteotomized adult equine tibiae stabilized with an interlocking intramedullary nail (nail-tibia composite) were compared with those of intact tibiae to determine the clinical applicability of the the nail for repair of tibial fractures in adult horses. The mean yield load, failure load, and stiffness for the nail-tibia composites were significantly less (P < .05) than those for the intact tibiae in all loading configurations. The mean compressive yield load for the nail-tibia composites was greater than the compressive load calculated from previously reported in vivo data for walking and trotting, and was equal to the load calculated for recovery from anesthesia. The mean yield bending moment for the nail-tibia composites was greater than the bending moment previously calculated for standing, walking, and recovery from anesthesia. The mean torsional yield load for the nail-tibia composites was less than the torsional load determined for the walk from another in vivo study. The design of the interlocking nail evaluated in the present study should be modified to increase torsional and compressive yield strengths and torsional stiffness before reasonable success could be expected for the treatment of adult equine tibial fractures.

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