Dimethyl-acetamide as a cryoprotectant for rainbow ...

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Title Dimethyl-acetamide as a cryoprotectant for rainbow trout spermatozoa
Author(s) Mary A. McNiven, R. K. Gallant, Gavin F. Richardson
Journal Theriogenology
Date 1993
Volume 40
Issue 5
Start page 943
End page 948
Abstract Dimethyl-acetamide was evaluated as a cryoprotectant for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss ) semen on the basis of motility, percentage of dead spermatozoa as determined by fluorometry, and fertility of frozen-thawed spermatozoa. Dimethyl-acetamide performed significantly better (P<0.05) than the conventional cryoprotectant, dimethyl sulfoxide, by all evaluation methods. An extender comprised of 0.137 M NaCl, 0.011 M KCl, 0.004 M Na(2)HPO(4) 7H(2)O, 7.5 g/l L-alpha-lecithin and 10 % DMA showed promise for cryopreserving rainbow trout spermatozoa. Future evaluation of new extenders should be carried out by several in vitro techniques and fertility measurements to present a complete assessment of an extender's ability to cryopreserve sperm cells.

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