Characterization of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis ...



Title Characterization of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis antigenic proteins
Author(s) S. Bech-Nielsen, L. L. Burianek, Elizabeth Spangler, Lawrence E. Heider, G. F. Hoffsis, C. R. Dorn
Journal American Journal of Veterinary Research
Date 1985
Volume 46
Issue 11
Start page 2418
End page 2420
Abstract The characterization of a purified antigen from Mycobacterium paratuberculosis, recently made commercially available for use in serodiagnosis by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), of paratuberculosis in cattle was described. This assay had 89% specificity and 83% sensitivity for M paratuberculosis infection. The protein/polypeptide composition of the purified antigen was compared with that of a crude protoplasmic extract of strain 18 M paratuberculosis used in the agar-gel immunodiffusion test and ELISA and with that of sonicated strain 19698 M paratuberculosis organisms grown on Dorset-Henley synthetic liquid medium. The sonicated M paratuberculosis contained 27 major proteins/polypeptides; the crude protoplasmic extract, 18; and the purified antigen contained 14 proteins/polypeptides, using sodium dodecyl-sulfate polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis analysis. The serologic reactivity of these proteins/polypeptides were defined, using the enzyme-linked immuno-electrotransfer blot technique. The sonicated M paratuberculosis contained 20 serologically reactive proteins/polypeptides (34,000 to 84,000 daltons); the crude protoplasmic extract contained 3 (37,000 to 45,000 daltons); and the purified extract contained a diffuse polypeptide band (34,000 to 38,000 daltons). Identification by enzyme-linked immuno-electrotransfer blot technique of M paratuberculosis antigens reactive in the ELISA will allow us to further study these antigens in the ELISA to improve sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic test.

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