Transcutaneous ultrasonographic evaluation of ...



Title Transcutaneous ultrasonographic evaluation of gastric distension with fluid in horses
Author(s) M. Lores, Henrik E. Stryhn, Laurie A. McDuffee, Patricia L. Rose, T. Muirhead
Journal American Journal of Veterinary Research
Date 2007
Volume 68
Issue 2
Start page 153
End page 157
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To develop a transcutaneous ultrasonography (TUS) method for measuring the location of the stomach during various levels of fluid distension and evaluate any correlation between gastric fluid distension and stomach position. ANIMALS: 6 adult horses. PROCEDURES: Known volumes of water were administered in 2 trials. In trial 1, the stomach was evaluated prior to and after the administration of 2, 4, and 6 L of water. In trial 2, the stomach was evaluated after administration of 6, 8, 10, and 12 L of water. The TUS was performed at the 7th through 16th left intercostal spaces (ICSs). For each volume of water, an image was captured at the most dorsal point in each ICS where the dorsolateral aspect of the stomach wall was viewed. The distance between this point and a horizontal line drawn on the skin at the level of the elbow joint was measured. The measurements at all ICSs were used to estimate the gastric wall height at ICS 12, which was subsequently evaluated for statistical association with volume administered. RESULTS: Significant correlation between the estimated height of the stomach wall at ICS 12 and the volume of fluid administered was detected. A regression equation to estimate gastric fluid volume when initial values for gastric wall height (cm) at ICS 12 and fluid volume (L) are known was developed. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results suggested that use of TUS for gastric fluid volume estimation is a potentially useful technique.
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