A longitudinal study of Neospora caninum infection ...

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Title A longitudinal study of Neospora caninum infection on a dairy farm in New Zealand
Author(s) D. U. Pfeiffer, N. B. Williamson, M. P. Reichel, Jeffrey Wichtel, W. R. Teague
Journal Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Date 2002
Volume 54
Issue 1
Start page 11
End page 24
Abstract A 600-cow New Zealand dairy herd experienced an abortion storm in 1997 and was monitored (blood sampling at about 3-month intervals) from May 1997 until January 1999. Abortion risk reached 9% in 1997 and was highest in heifers at 19%. The abortion risk decreased in 1998 to 3.2% (still somewhat higher than during the years prior to the outbreak). The serological reaction pattern for Neospora caninum showed an association with abortion risk only around the time of the 1997 outbreak when seropositive cows were 4.2 times more likely to abort than negative ones. Over the whole study period, only 27% of cows that were sampled on all nine visits always tested negative. Offspring from dams which had positive tests for Neospora caninum were 2.4 times more likely to abort than those from dams testing consistently negative. Controlling for age and breed, seropositive cows produced more milk than those that were consistently negative. Infection might have been present endemically within this herd prior to the epidemic, but in 1997 an additional factor appeared to have triggered the outbreak.

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