Re-insertion of a progesterone-containing ...

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Title Re-insertion of a progesterone-containing intravaginal device to synchronise returns to oestrus in dairy heifers
Author(s) D. W. Hanlon, N. B. Williamson, I. J. Steffert, Jeffrey Wichtel, D. U. Pfeiffer
Journal New Zealand Veterinary Journal
Date 1997
Volume 45
Issue 1
Start page 15
End page 18
Abstract Recommendations for oestrus synchronisation of dairy heifers using progesterone-containing intravaginal devices suggest re-insertion of used devices 16 days after first insemination for a period of 5 days to allow a second opportunity for artificial insemination. Controlled studies on the effectiveness of re-using intravaginal devices to synchronise returns to oestrus in non-pregnant dairy heifers are lacking. A clinical trial was conducted involving 750 Friesian heifers in 13 herds. After an initial synchronisation programme, the used intravaginal devices were re-inserted 14 or 16 days after first insemination into half of the heifers in each herd for a period of 5 days. After the first synchronisation programme, 47.5% of heifers remained non-pregnant. Re-insertion of used intravaginal devices for 5 days significantly increased the number of non-pregnant heifers detected in oestrus and inseminated by 48 hours after device removal compared to heifers in which devices were not re-inserted (45.2% v. 27.3%, p < 0.05, in herds where intravaginal devices were re-inserted on day 14; 48.8% v. 13.6%, p < 0.05, in herds where intravaginal devices were re-inserted on day 16). Re-insertion at 14 or 16 days after first insemination was equally effective in increasing visible returns to service. However, the number of non-pregnant heifers synchronised for a second round of artificial insemination was less than expected. Conception rate to the re-synchronised oestrus was unaffected by the treatment. It is concluded that the additional procedures of CIDR re-insertion, removal, tailpainting and insemination involved in there-synchrony programme, and the relatively low in-calf rate to the re-synchronised round of insemination, reduced the potential benefits of re-synchronisation.

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