The effect of estradiol benzoate administration on ...

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Title The effect of estradiol benzoate administration on estrous response and synchronized pregnancy rate in dairy heifers after treatment with exogenous progesterone
Author(s) D. W. Hanlon, N. B. Williamson, Jeffrey Wichtel, I. J. Steffert, A. L. Craigie, D. U. Pfeiffer
Journal Theriogenology
Date 1996
Volume 45
Issue 4
Start page 775
End page 785
Abstract The objectives of this trial were to determine the effects of 0.5 mg estradiol benzoate administered intramuscularly 24 h after the removal of progesterone-containing intravaginal devices on the occurrence and timing of estrus, synchronized pregnancy rate and synchronized conception rate in dairy heifers. A clinical trial was conducted involving 750 dairy heifers in 13 herds. Within each herd heifers were randomly allocated to 1 of 2 estrus synchronization treatments. All heifers received a CIDR-B progesterone-containing intravaginal device containing a 10 mg estradiol benzoate capsule for 12 d. Twenty-four hours after CIDR-B removal one group received 0.5 mg, im estradiol benzoate while the other group received an intramuscular injection of a placebo. Estrus detection was performed at 48 and 72 h after intravaginal device removal, and heifers detected in estrus at those times were inseminated. Administration of estradiol benzoate 24 h after removal of CIDR-B devices significantly increased the number of heifers exhibiting estrus within the observation period (96.1 vs 90.5%; P < 0.01). It also altered the onset of estrus so that significantly more heifers were in estrus (86.6 vs 72.3%; P < 0.01) and conceived (47.1 vs 37.5%; P < 0.05) by 48 h after CIDR-B device removal. The synchronized conception rate was unaffected by treatment. The distribution of estrus was such that fixed-time insemination after estrus synchronization with this treatment program may be recommended.

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