Screening of Vibrio isolates to develop an ...



Title Screening of Vibrio isolates to develop an experimental infection model in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas
Author(s) M. Gay, F. C. J. Berthe, F. Le Roux
Journal Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Date 2004
Volume 59
Issue 1
Start page 49
End page 56
Abstract In an attempt to develop a reproducible experimental model of bacterial infection in Crassostrea gigas, oysters taken from very localised sub-populations suffering natural mortality outbreaks were used in cohabitation trials under laboratory conditions. From these trials, a collection of Vibrio strains was isolated from moribund and healthy oysters. In a second step, strains were experimentally tested for virulence by means of injection into healthy oysters. This screening revealed a span of virulence among isolated strains from none to medium. When pooling injected strains, results suggest increased virulence. Vibrio strains may have additive/synergistic action leading to higher C. gigas mortality rates in experimental challenges. Although the study initially aimed to develop a simple experimental model, a complex of interactions emerged between several bacterial strains during the pathogenic process in their molluscan host. Selected strains provide a suitable model of experimental disease for further studies and better understanding of bacterial interaction and pathogenesis in C. gigas.
DOI 10.3354/dao059049
PubMed ID 15212292
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