Fluorescence spectroscopy monitoring of the ...

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Title Fluorescence spectroscopy monitoring of the conformational restraint of formaldehyde- and glutaraldehyde-treated infectious bursal disease virus proteins
Author(s) Arnost Cepica, M. Beauregard, B. Qian
Journal Vaccine
Date 1998
Volume 16
Issue 20
Start page 1957
End page 1961
Abstract Interaction of native proteinaceous antigens during the recognition and the effector phases of an immune response leads to antigenic conformational modifications which may elicit additional specific immune response. Protein cross-linking and conformation restraining formaldehyde and glutaraldehyde have been extensively used in vaccine preparation, but the relative efficiencies of conformational restraint at concentrations similar to those used in vaccine preparation have not been investigated. We addressed this issue by comparing the extent of conformational restraint of virus proteins in formaldehyde- and glutaraldehyde-treated virus preparations by monitoring the fluorescence intensities (I320) of infectious bursal disease virus preparations (IBDV) and those of untreated virus during thermal denaturation. Formaldehyde was found to cause no detectable conformational restraint at 0.01% and only very weak restraint at 1%, while glutaraldehyde caused very strong conformational restraint at 0.01%. It is proposed how conformational restraint of proteinaceous antigens may alter ensuing immunity.
DOI 10.1016/S0264-410X(98)00121-2
PubMed ID 9796050

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