The use of ELISA for detection of the ...
|Title||The use of ELISA for detection of the antibody-induced conformational change in a viral protein and its intermolecular spread|
|Author(s)||Arnost Cepica, Carmencita V. Yason, G. Ralling|
|Journal||Journal of Virological Methods|
|Abstract||Antibody-induced conformational changes of proteins have been recently frequently suggested to explain a variety of observations. In spite of the fundamental importance of this phenomenon for both in vivo and in vitro antigen-antibody interactions, it is not generally accepted because of the lack of conclusive evidence. This report utilizes a novel approach to the study of antibody-induced antigenic conformational changes. Pairs of monoclonal antibodies (mAb) were used to induce and to assess conformational changes in potato virus X (PVX) protein. Blocking ELISA with native and glutaraldehyde treated virus was used to detect conformational changes. Double antibody sandwich (DAS) ELISA was designed to investigate possible inter-molecular spread of conformational changes. Detection of one way blocking in a blocking ELISA, with a pair of mAbs reacting to non-overlapping epitopes, suggested conformational change as the mechanism of blocking. The putative conformational change was confirmed when the one way blocking was prevented using conformationally restrained virus. Inter-molecular spread of the conformational change among the molecules of PVX protein was demonstrated in DAS-ELISA, when capture mAb inhibited binding of detecting mAb in the absence of steric hindrance. Unlike X-ray crystallography, the methodology utilized in this study indicates directly the significance of a changed conformation to antibody binding.|
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