Uncoupling protein 2 knockout mice have enhanced ...

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Title Uncoupling protein 2 knockout mice have enhanced insulin secretory capacity after a high-fat diet
Author(s) J. W. Joseph, V. Koshkin, C. Y. Zhang, J. Wang, B. B. Lowell, Catherine B. Chan, M. B. Wheeler
Journal Diabetes
Date 2002
Volume 51
Issue 11
Start page 3211
End page 3219
Abstract Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) may act as an important regulator of insulin secretion. In this study, beta-cell function in UCP2-deficient mice was examined after a 45% high-fat diet (HFD) to assess its role during the development of diet-induced type 2 diabetes. HFD-fed UCP2 (-/-) mice have lower fasting blood glucose and elevated insulin levels when compared with wild-type (WT) mice. UCP2 (-/-) mice also have enhanced beta-cell glucose sensitivity compared with WT mice after HFD, a result that is due in part to the deterioration of glucose responsiveness in WT mice. HFD-fed UCP2 (-/-) mice have increased insulin secretory capacity as a result of increased pancreatic beta-cell mass and insulin content per islet. Islets from WT mice exposed to 0.5 mmol/l palmitate for 48 h have significantly reduced mitochondrial membrane potential, ATP concentrations, and glucose responsiveness compared with UCP2 (-/-) islets, suggesting that elevated UCP2 in WT mice increases proton leak and decreases mitochondrial ATP production. Highly increased carnitine palmitoyl transferase-1 gene expression in UCP2 (-/-) mice is suggestive of enhanced fatty acid oxidizing capacity, particularly after HFD stress. These results further establish UCP2 as a component in glucose sensing and suggest a possible new aspect of UCP2 function during the progression of type 2 diabetes.

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