Overexpression of uncoupling protein 2 inhibits ...

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Title Overexpression of uncoupling protein 2 inhibits glucose-stimulated insulin secretion from rat islets
Author(s) Catherine B. Chan, P. E. MacDonald, M. C. Saleh, D. C. Johns, E. Marban, M. B. Wheeler
Journal Diabetes
Date 1999
Volume 48
Issue 7
Start page 1482
End page 1486
Abstract Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP-2) mRNA expression has been shown to be altered by metabolic conditions such as obesity in humans, but its functional significance is unknown. The expression of UCP-2 mRNA and protein in normal rat islets was established by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and immunocytochemistry in pancreatic islets and tissue, respectively. Intense immunostaining of UCP-2 correlated with insulin-positive ,-cells. Overexpression of UCP-2 in normal rat islets was accomplished by infection with an adenovirus (AdEGI-UCP-2) containing the full-length human UCP-2 coding sequence. Induction of the AdEGI-UCP-2 gene resulted in severe blunting of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) without affecting islet insulin content or the ability of the calcium ionophore A23187 to increase insulin secretion from AdEGI-UCP-2-expressing islets. Therefore, UCP-2 overexpression affects signal transduction proximal to Ca2+-mediated steps, including exocytosis. Insulin secretion from single beta-cells to 16.5 mmol/l glucose examined by reverse hemolytic plaque assay was nearly ablated if UCP-2 was overexpressed. Thus, a direct, causal relationship between overexpression of UCP-2 and inhibition of GSIS in normal islets has been established. These data suggest that increased expression of UCP-2 has the potential to cause the lack of a glucose effect on insulin secretion in type 2 diabetes.

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