Fluid, electrolyte and haematological changes in ...



Title Fluid, electrolyte and haematological changes in experimental peste des petits ruminants virus infection in West African dwarf goats
Author(s) O. D. Olaleye, B. O. Ikede, O. A. Durojaiye
Journal Cytobios
Date 1989
Volume 58
Issue 232
Start page 39
End page 51
Abstract The changes in plasma volume, blood volume, erythrocyte indices, leucocyte indices and serum biochemical values during experimental pestes des petits ruminants (PPR) virus infection of West African dwarf goats (Fouta djallon) were investigated. There was a progressive decline of the plasma volume and serum sodium and potassium values in all the infected goats as from day 5 post-infection and this became quite marked between days 10 and 23 post-infection. The fall was severest in those animals which had diarrhoea. There were no significant changes in the chloride, bicarbonate, phosphate, urea, total protein and albumin values of the goats during the course of the diseases. Haemoconcentration and apparent polycythaemia in the early and terminal stages of the disease were associated with severe dehydration which characterized the infection. There was initial neutrophilic leucocytosis during the phase of fever followed by marked lymphopaenic leucopaenia which progressed terminally in most of the infected goats. The destructive effect of the virus on lymphocytes is suggested as a cause of lymphopaenia.

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