Effects of a prophylactic chloramine-T treatment on ...



Title Effects of a prophylactic chloramine-T treatment on growth performance and condition indices of rainbow trout
Author(s) J. G. Sanchez, David J. Speare, N. MacNair, Gerald R. Johnson
Journal Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
Date 1996
Volume 8
Issue 4
Start page 278
End page 284
Abstract Chloramine-T has been commonly used as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of bacterial gill disease and related phenomena in the salmonid aquaculture industry, and it is now commonly used as a prophylactic agent to prevent diseases in commercial salmonid hatcheries. Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (average weight 98 g) were exposed to chloramine-T at 10 mg/L for 1 h twice weekly (a commonly used regime in the aquaculture industry) for 11 weeks. Fish were fed ad libitum without feed wastage throughout the 11-week trial. Body weight, specific growth rate, feed conversion index, and appetite were assessed at the end of weeks 3, 6, 9, and 11. Chloramine-T treatment was not associated with either clinical disease or mortality. However, by the end of the trial, growth (based on body weight) of treated fish was significantly suppressed ( delta = 7.3%) compared with control fish. Growth suppression was attributed to a significant reduction ( delta = 9.3%) of feed conversion efficiency in treated fish. Based on specific growth rates, chloramine-T had an early negative effect on growth. The effect was diminished in later weeks (although not completely lost), which suggests some degree of compensation by the fish to the chemical agent.

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