Altering the cellular location of an antigen ...
|Title||Altering the cellular location of an antigen expressed by a DNA-based vaccine modulates the immune response|
|Author(s)||P. Jeffrey Lewis, Hurk van Drunen Littel-van den, L. A. Babiuk|
|Journal||Journal of Virology|
|Abstract||The potential for DNA vaccines encoding mutated versions of the same antigen to modulate immune responses in C3H/HeN mice was investigated. We created expression plasmids that encoded several versions of glycoprotein D (gD) from bovine herpesvirus 1, including authentic membrane-anchored glycoprotein (pSLRSV.AgD), a secreted glycoprotein (pSLRSV.SgD), and an intracellular protein (pSLRSV.CgD). Immunization of an inbred strain of mice with these plasmids resulted in highly efficacious and long-lasting humoral and cell-mediated immunity. We also demonstrated that the cell compartment in which plasmid-encoded gD was expressed caused a deviation in the serum immunoglobulin (Ig) isotype profile as well as the predominant cytokines secreted from the draining lymph node. Immunization of C3H/HeN mice with DNA vaccines encoding cell-associated forms of gD resulted in a predominance of serum IgG2a and gamma interferon-secreting cells within the spleens and draining lymph nodes. In contrast, mice immunized with a secreted form of this same antigen displayed immune responses characterized by greater levels of interleukin 4 in the draining lymph node and IgG1 as the predominant serum isotype. We also showed evidence of compartmentalization of distinct immune responses within different lymphoid organs.|
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