Estimation of the repeatability and reproducibility ...
|Title||Estimation of the repeatability and reproducibility of three diagnostic tests for infectious salmon anaemia virus|
|Author(s)||P. Nerette, I. Dohoo, K. Hammell, N. Gagne, P. Barbash, S. Maclean, C. Yason|
|Journal||Journal of Fish Diseases|
|Abstract||Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), virus isolation (VI) and indirect fluorescent antibody tests (IFAT) are three assays currently used by the salmon industry to identify fish infected with infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV). However, no data are available on the repeatability (within-laboratory consistency) and reproducibility (between-laboratory consistency) of these assays and very limited information is available on the effect of freezing samples on test results. In order to evaluate these assays, five laboratories participated in a blinded study of 400 kidney samples representing four populations of farmed Atlantic salmon with different prevalence of ISAV. Each laboratory used its own testing protocols. Repeatability and reproducibility were evaluated using kappa as the measure of agreement. The effect of freezing was evaluated using the McNemar test. Freezing did not affect VI but improved the sensitivity of RT-PCR. The repeatability and reproducibility of VI was almost perfect. There was a substantial difference in repeatability of RT-PCR among the three laboratories with kappa ranging from 0.5 to 0.96. The repeatability for RT-PCR was generally low. The repeatability of IFAT was moderate when the results were analysed using 1+ and above as a positive result. The results of the study show the need to standardize the protocol and interpretation of RT-PCR.|
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