The pathology of chronic ammonia toxicity in rainbow ...



Title The pathology of chronic ammonia toxicity in rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri Richardson
Author(s) Pierre Y. Daoust, H. W. Ferguson
Journal Journal of Fish Diseases
Date 1984
Volume 7
Issue 3
Start page 199
End page 205
Abstract Two groups of rainbow trout fingerlings were exposed for 90 days to 0.2 and 0.4 mg/l of un-ionized ammonia, respectively. Several fish exposed to the higher concentration soon developed clinical signs suggestive of a neurological dysfunction but subsequently recovered. No lesion attributable to ammonia was seen in the gills of any of the fish. This raises questions about the precise role of ammonia in the production of gill diseases in intensively cultured trout..

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