Normal and aberrant tissue distribution of Loma ...

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Title Normal and aberrant tissue distribution of Loma salmonae (Microspora) within rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), following experimental infection at water temperatures within and outside of the xenoma-expression temperature boundaries
Author(s) J. G. Sanchez, David J. Speare, R. J. Frederick Markham
Journal Journal of Fish Diseases
Date 2000
Volume 23
Issue 4
Start page 235
End page 242
Abstract Temperatures above 20 degrees C or below 9 degrees C interrupt the life cycle of the gill intracellular microsporidian parasite L. salmonae prior to sporogony, inhibiting the production of xenomas. This study intended to characterize this life-cycle failure. Juvenile rainbow trout were experimentally infected with L. salmonae spores, and the effect of water temperature on the progress of infection, as determined by polymerase chain reaction, was compared for fish held at water temperatures of 5, 15 and 21 degrees C. At 15 degrees C, parasite DNA was first detected in the heart (3 days post-exposure (PE)), and then in the gills and spleen (2 weeks PE). Branchial xenomas developed by week 4 PE. In contrast, at 5 degrees C, the arrival of the parasite in the heart was delayed until 7 days PE. However, even though parasite DNA was detected in the gills at 7 days PE, xenomas failed to form in the gill, and by week 4 PE, parasite DNA was no longer detected. In fish held at 21 degrees C, parasite DNA was detected in the heart, gills and spleen by 3 days post-infection, and similar results were observed at 7 days PE. Xenomas also failed to form in these fish and parasite DNA was no longer detected by week 2 PE. Within the range of temperatures tested in this study, spore germination and delivery of their DNA into the host through the intestinal wall was not blocked by temperature. At 5 or 21 degrees C, migration to the heart and gills occurred, but at aberrant periods of time. The normal life cycle of L. salmonae may depend on the completion of relatively lengthy, but yet unknown, stages of development within the heart, prior to reaching the gill. This development may be adversely affected by temperature, and explain the temperature limits of this parasite..
DOI 10.1046/j.1365-2761.2000.00222.x

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