Congenital myasthenia gravis in 13 Smooth Fox Terriers

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Title Congenital myasthenia gravis in 13 Smooth Fox Terriers
Author(s) Lisa M. Miller, V. A. Lennon, E. H. Lambert, S. M. Reed, G. A. Hegreberg, James B. Miller, R. L. Ott
Journal Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Date 1983
Volume 182
Issue 7
Start page 694
End page 697
Abstract In 13 Smooth Fox Terriers with a congenital form of myasthenia gravis, clinical signs included intermittent, progressive muscle weakness that became more pronounced with exercise; muscle wasting; megaoesophagus; and aspiration pneumonia. Neurological abnormalities were apparent only during periods of weakness and included inability to retract the fore- and hindlimbs from painful stimuli. A decrement of the compound muscle action potential was evident during repetitive supramaximal nerve stimulation. Intravenous injection of a short-acting cholinesterase inhibitor evoked immediate improvement of clinical and electromyographic signs. Intracellular microelectrode studies of a biopsied external intercostal muscle revealed reduced amplitude of miniature end-plate potentials, as occurs in acquired myasthenia gravis. However, in contrast to acquired myasthenia gravis, antibodies directed against acetylcholine receptors were not demonstrable in serum and were not bound to acetylcholine receptors in muscle. Despite lack of complexing with immunoglobulin, the amount of acetylcholine receptor protein in biopsied external intercostal muscles from 9 affected pups was less than 25% of the amount in 5 unaffected littermates. The latter findings accounted for the reduction in amplitude of miniature end-plate potential and the failure of neuromuscular transmission. Treatment with a long-acting cholinesterase inhibitor in 6 cases resulted in temporary improvement in muscle strength..

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