A protective effect of dietary calcium against acute ...

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Title A protective effect of dietary calcium against acute waterborne cadmium uptake in rainbow trout
Author(s) B. Baldisserotto, Collins N. Kamunde, A. Matsuo, C. M. Wood
Journal Aquatic Toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Date 2004
Volume 67
Issue 1
Start page 57
End page 73
Abstract The present study examined the interactions between elevated dietary calcium (as ionic Ca2+ in the form of CaCl2 x 2H2O) and acute waterborne Cd exposure (50 microg/l as CdNO3 for 3 h) on whole body uptake and internal distribution of newly accumulated Cd, Ca2+, and Na+ in juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Fish were fed with three diets 20 (control), 30 and 60 mg Ca2+/g food: for 7 days before fluxes were measured with radiotracers over a 3h period. The two elevated Ca2+ diets reduced the whole body uptake of both Ca2+ and Cd by >50% and similarly reduced the internalization of both newly accumulated metals in most tissues, effects which reflect the shared branchial uptake route for Ca2+ and Cd. As the Ca2+ concentrations of the fluid phases of the stomach and intestinal contents were greatly elevated by the experimental diets, increased gastrointestinal Ca2+ uptake likely caused the down-regulation of the branchial Ca2+ (and Cd) uptake pathway. Waterborne Na+ uptake and internal distribution were not affected. While plasma Ca2+ surged after the first two feedings of the 60 mg Ca2+/g diet, internal homeostasis was quickly restored. Total Ca2+, Na+, and Cl- levels in tissues were not affected by diets. While dietary Ca2+ protected against waterborne Cd uptake, it did not protect against the relative inhibition of waterborne Ca2+ uptake caused by waterborne Cd. Acute exposure to 50 microg/l Cd reduced the uptake and internalization of newly accumulated Ca2+ (but not Na+) by 70% or more, regardless of diet. Since elevated dietary Ca2+ reduces waterborne Cd uptake, fish eating a Ca(2+)-rich invertebrate diet may be more protected against waterborne Cd toxicity in a field situation.
DOI 10.1016/j.aquatox.2003.12.004

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