Identification and characterization of the ...

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Title Identification and characterization of the pseudopterosin diterpene cyclase, elisabethatriene synthase, from the marine gorgonian, Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae
Author(s) A. C. Kohl, Russell G. Kerr
Journal Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Date 2004
Volume 424
Issue 1
Start page 97
End page 104
Abstract The pseudopterosins are diterpene glycosides isolated from the marine gorgonian, Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae, which exhibit anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity greater than the industry standard, indomethacin. Previously, we isolated the pseudopterosin diterpene cyclase product, elisabethatriene, using a radioactivity-guided isolation. Identification of this metabolite, and the conversion of labeled geranylgeranyl diphosphate to elisabethatriene, provided us with an assay to guide the isolation of the enzyme responsible for this cyclization. The soluble protein preparation from P. elisabethae has been partially purified (approximately 15,000-fold) using a combination of low-resolution anion-exchange, low-resolution hydrophobic interaction, high-resolution hydroxyapatite, and high-resolution anion-exchange chromatography. The diterpene cyclase was identified by comparing the molecular weight from gel permeation chromatography (approximately 47,000Da) with those of protein bands from purified fractions using SDS-PAGE gel electrophoresis. Kinetic analysis and evaluation of amino acid inhibition studies indicated that the enzyme displays similar characteristics to other terpenoid cyclases isolated from terrestrial sources. This report represents the first purification and characterization of a terpene biosynthetic enzyme from a marine invertebrate.
DOI 10.1016/j.abb.2004.01.019

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