Reduction in infarct size by local estrogen does not ...

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Title Reduction in infarct size by local estrogen does not prevent autonomic dysfunction after stroke
Author(s) Tarek M. Saleh, Alastair E. Cribb, B. J. Connell
Journal American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Date 2001
Volume 281
Issue 6
Start page R2088
End page 95
Abstract Systemic estrogen administration in male rats has been shown to normalize the autonomic dysfunction and reduce the infarct size after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Therefore, the present investigation determined if local microinjection of estrogen at the site of the infarct also promoted recovery of autonomic function and reduction of the infarct size. Experiments were done in anesthetized (thiobutabarbitol sodium; 100 mg/kg) male Sprague-Dawley rats instrumented to record baseline and reflex changes in cardiovascular and autonomic parameters. The right middle cerebral artery was permanently occluded using bipolar coagulation. Local microinjection of estrogen into the insular cortex before MCAO significantly reduced the infarct size but did not attenuate the MCAO-induced autonomic dysfunction. Injection of ICI-182,780 alone significantly increased infarct area; however, the greater infarct area was not associated with enhanced autonomic dysfunction. These results suggest that within the insula, endogenous estrogen activity can affect the extent of MCAO-induced cell death, but extracortical central nervous system sites may be responsible for mediating the beneficial effects of estrogen on the autonomic disturbances.

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