Centrally mediated effect of 17beta-estradiol on ...

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Title Centrally mediated effect of 17beta-estradiol on parasympathetic tone in male rats
Author(s) Tarek M. Saleh, B. J. Connell
Journal The American Journal of Physiology
Date 1999
Volume 276
Issue 2 Pt 2
Start page R474
End page 81
Abstract The following experiments were conducted to determine if peripherally administered estrogen has an effect on central autonomic tone and whether this change in tone results in an alteration in cardiovascular reflex control. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized with thiobutabarbitol sodium (50 mg/kg) and instrumented to record blood pressure, heart rate, and vagal parasympathetic or renal sympathetic efferent nerve activity. Additional rats were instrumented to test the sensitivity of the cardiac baroreflex using intravenous injections of phenylephrine hydrochloride (0.025, 0.05, 0.1 mg/kg) or sodium nitroprusside (0. 0025, 0.005, 0.01 mg/kg) and plotting the cardiovascular responses. Intravenous injection of estrogen (10(-4), 10(-2), and 10(-1) mg/kg) produced a significant increase in vagal efferent activity and in baroreflex sensitivity. The bilateral microinjection of an estrogen receptor antagonist, ICI-182,780 (1 pM, 50 nl/side) into the nucleus ambiguus blocked both the estrogen-induced increase in vagal efferent activity and baroreflex sensitivity. These results demonstrate that in male rats estrogen acts centrally to enhance baroreflex sensitivity by increasing parasympathetic efferent tone.

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