Morphological and biochemical assessment of the ...

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Title Morphological and biochemical assessment of the liver response to excess dietary copper in Fischer 344 rats
Author(s) E. M. Aburto, Alastair E. Cribb, I. C. Fuentealba, B. O. Ikede, Frederick S. B. Kibenge, R. J. Frederick Markham
Journal Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research = Revue Canadienne de Recherche Veterinaire
Date 2001
Volume 65
Issue 2
Start page 97
End page 103
Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the amount of excess dietary copper (Cu) necessary to experimentally induce liver lesions characteristic of Cu-associated disease in Fischer 344 rats. Male weanling Fischer 344 rats of uniform age were divided into 6 groups (n = 5) and fed a rodent diet containing 18 (control), 750, 1000, 1250, 1500, and 2000 microg/g Cu added as CuSO4. Rats were euthanized after 3 months on the experimental diets and their livers processed for histology, histochemistry, Cu analysis (by atomic absorption spectrophotometry), and quantification of malondialdehyde (MDA) by the thiobarbituric acid reaction. Hepatic Cu levels were significantly higher (P < 0.01) in rats receiving over 1000 microg/g Cu compared to the controls (means for each diet: control = 4.8 microg/g, 750 microg/g Cu = 39.6 microg/g, 1000 microg/g Cu = 111.2 microg/g, 1250 microg/g Cu = 389 microg/g, 1500 microg/g Cu = 509.4 microg/g, and 2000 microg/g Cu = 766 microg/g). Histological lesions increased gradually according to the level of dietary Cu. Significant morphologic changes (necrosis, portal inflammation, hyaline remnants) and reduced growth rate occurred in rats receiving over 1250 microg/g Cu. However, no significant differences were found for MDA levels between groups. The present study demonstrates that compared to other species, very high levels of excess dietary Cu are needed to induce significant liver injury in Fischer 344 rats. Increased MDA content was not detected in rats with morphologic evidence of liver damage, suggesting that lipid peroxidation may not play a major role in this model of Cu toxicity.
PubMed Central ID PMC1189655
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