Results

A collection of academic publications by faculty and staff, both before and during their time at UPEI.

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1 - 25 of 110
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Researchers are beginning to examine issues of age, gender, & abuse, but empirical data is lacking. The purpose of this exploratory study was to identify contextual variables, with a particular focus on gender, that may be related to the abuse of older adults. Abuse cases, as described by 121 pr...
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The purpose of this study was to examine the birthplace and relative age effects in National Football League (NFL) players. The place and date of birth of NFL players in the United States were analyzed with Monte Carlo simulations to determine if either factor was predictive of the probability of re...
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Paper presented at the 4th Symposium of the Population, Work, and Family Policy Research Collaboration (PWFC), Gatineau, PQ
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The rotary diversified diet, used in the management of environmental illness, consists of eliminating prohibited foods from the diet and rotating remaining non-prohibited foods and their "food families" within a regular cycle. We assessed the adequacy of nutrient intakes in 22 women prescr...
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Regulation of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is crucial to regulate extracellular matrix (ECM) proteolysis which is important in metastasis. This study investigated the mechanism(s) by which three flavonoid-enriched fractions from lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) down-regulate MMP a...
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Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with increased oxidative stress and inflammation, Which impair insulin and glucose metabolism. Fruit and vegetables high in antioxidant compounds improve glucose and insulin metabolism in T2D. Rosehips contain significant levels of antioxidant and anti-inflammator...
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This article considers the benefits of early sports specialization versus sports sampling for children, and examines the impact of sports participation on their physical and psychosocial development. The authors review opposing research studies that suggest that early participation in deliberate pra...
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The article presents research on the effects of relative age, a person's age compared to those in his peer group, on athletic ability in youth. A survey was conducted of youth hockey players in Canada in which players were evaluated for age, degree of physical maturity as measured by body size and a...
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Presents a study describing Canadian Intercollegiate ice hockey injuries over a six-year period following a standardized reporting strategy and clearly defining terminology. The data set; Results; Discussion.
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MacLellan et al seek to summarize the findings of the Prince Edward Island (PEI) Nutrition Survey. A random sample of 1,995 adults aged 18-74 were interviewed in their homes and weights, heights, and waist circumference measurements were obtained. Results show that almost one third of PEI adults are...
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Purpose: The prevalence of micronutrient inadequacies was assessed among adult residents of Prince Edward Island (PEI) in the PEI Nutrition Survey. Methods: A peer-reviewed protocol was used in this cross-sectional survey, in which 24-hour recalls were administered during in-home interviews. A strat...
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This research study entitled Building Healthy Mi'kmaq Communities in Prince Edward Island is important because at the outset of the study, little or no research had been undertaken with the Mi'kmaq communities of PEL The purpose of the study was to focus primarily on the determinants of he...
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It was not until I was asked to teach clinical nutrition that I began to understand the source of my frustrations. When you have to teach someone how to 'be clientcentred' you have to truly understand what that means - and I realized that I did not. Further, in talking with my colleagues i...
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In this study, we assessed whether contextual factors related to where or when an athlete is born influence their likelihood of playing professional sport. The birthplace and birth month of all American players in the National Hockey League, National Basketball Association, Major League Baseball, an...
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During the past decade,there have been several health surveys involving Canada?s Aboriginal people.In many of these studies,the Aboriginal population of Prince Edward Island (P.E.I.) has not been adequately represented.Given the lack of information regarding the health status of this population,the ...
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BACKGROUND: Triacylglycerol digestion involves hydrolysis of fatty acids esterified at the glycerol 1,3 positions by gastric and pancreatic lipase to produce 2-monoacylglycerols and unesterified fatty acids, which are then absorbed, reesterified to triacylglycerol, and secreted in chylomicrons. Palm...
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The article presents a study which examines whether chronological age within the 2-year age bands of Canadian youth ice hockey players influences the proportion of injury. It states that a retrospective secondary analysis was carried out with the use of data from the Canadian Hospitals Injury Report...
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Oxidative stress is an important element in the etiology of ischemic stroke. Lowbush blueberries (Vaccinium angustifolium Aiton) have a high antioxidant capacity and thus we determined whether consumption of lowbush blueberries would protect neurons from stroke-induced damage. Rats were fed AIN-93G ...
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