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A collection of graduate theses by UPEI masters and doctoral students.

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The present ecological crisis reflects a crisis in human consciousness, especially in the western world, where our relationship with the earth and cosmos has been largely shaped and influenced by the stories we have been told in our culture. The old stories, as manifested in the myths and world view...
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This thesis addresses issues of islandness and island identity in the fiction of Cape Breton's Alistair MacLeod and Newfoundland's Wayne Johnston. Through careful readings of their fiction, with supplementary evidence culled from biographical and secondary sources, the thesis shows that their work i...
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Resistance development to parasiticides has been a problem in both terrestrial and aquatic environments. A major challenge exists in early detection of resistance emergence due to the low frequency at which resistant organisms can occur initially within a population and the difficulty in detecting t...
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Potato farming and lobster fishing are two important industries on Prince Edward Island. However for both industries to be sustainable, they must be managed responsibly. Recently, agricultural runoff has been suspected to have caused numerous fish kills in rivers throughout the island. Although a pe...
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The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) contained a specific section for “Archipelagic States” (Part IV) which are given many rights under the archipelagic regime including, if desired, to designate archipelagic sea lanes (ASLs) through their archipelagic waters. While desig...
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SOXC transcription factors are key transcriptional regulators that have been shown to control self-renewal and differentiation in tissues during development in vivo, but have not been studied in the mammalian kidney. Our lab has previously demonstrated that all three members of the SoxC genes family...
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In controlled release, each patient’s body displays different pharmacokinetics for the degradation of the drug delivery system affecting the release of the bioactive compound. The proposed research aims to develop polymeric systems based on a host/guest core capable of indicating controlled releas...
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BACKGROUND Myocardial fibrosis is a hallmark of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Human patients with HCM have high serum concentrations of biomarkers of collagen synthesis, indicating a profibrotic state. This abnormality exists in sarcomere mutation carriers both with and without overt left ventr...
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The American lobster (Homarus americanus) is harvested along the eastern seaboard of North America and forms the economic backbone of many small fishing communities in Atlantic Canada and the northeastern United States. The industry sets minimum size (carapace length) for harvesting American lobster...
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Schizophrenia is a devastating neurological disorder that affects approximately 1% of the population and is characterized by positive, negative, and/or cognitive symptoms. Positive symptoms are associated with increased glutamate (Glu) and/or dopamine (DA) signaling in the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) w...
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The purpose of this study is to describe the geographic distribution of Aboriginal people who live in remote, isolated Aboriginal communities in Canada in terms of how geographic settings and features, particularly those that are characteristic of island dwellers, are related to and can impact aspec...
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The emergence of Caribbean small island states (SIS) through the 'demonstration effect‘ has resulted in even some of the smallest Caribbean islands achieving sovereignty. Past conventional security threats, such as the 1983 coup and intervention in Grenada, have resulted in the US Commonwealth Car...
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Sturgeon are harvested worldwide for their meat and eggs, sold as caviar and are among the most economically important fish species worldwide. A generally low physiological response to external stimuli/stressors has been documented in these phylogenetically primitive species. Considering how little ...
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This thesis examines the relationship between fisheries policy, fisheries management, and island community development in Maine and Newfoundland. Three research questions and themes guided this work: 1) what kind of relationship there is between island community development, fisheries policy, and fi...
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Hematodinium is a parasitic dinoflagellate of numerous crustacean species, including the economically important Atlantic snow crab, Chionoecetes opilio. The parasite was isolated from C. opilio in the fall of 2010 and 2011 and cultured in vitro. Several media were tested, with Nephrops medium yieldi...
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The Pacific Island Countries including the Fiji Islands are heavily dependent on imported petroleum fuels for their energy needs. This is a major cause of environmental vulnerability as well as economic vulnerability due to high and volatile crude oil prices. A combination of Demand Side Management ...
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Youth are an important group within forest communities of Central Africa but can often be underrepresented within traditional decision-making structures. Since youth will be affected by the long term impacts of forest management decisions, they have a large stake in the successful management of reso...
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Older adults in Canada are largely sedentary and do not meet the recommended amount of daily physical activity. It has been suggested that older adults preferences for physical activities move from those characterized by high intensity and competition, to those of lower intensity and higher social c...
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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of compounds with immunotoxic and carcinogenic potential that may pose a threat to fish populations. The mechanism underlying immune toxicity of PAHs in fishes remains unclear. Some evidence supports the requirement for metabolism to more toxic met...
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This case study investigates the correlation between international experiential learning and the development of global citizenship characteristics through understanding the lived experiences of 10 University of Prince Edward Island students who took part in two different forms of international exper...
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This MEd thesis is the first to explore PEI schooling experiences from the perspectives of Generation Queer (Wells, 2012). Deploying various tools of Foucault (1983), I suggest research participants – two out youth and their mothers - demonstrated "practices of freedom" to challenge the pedagogica...
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This mixed-methods, qualitative study provided a snapshot of how Early Childhood Educators (ECEs) and early learning programs attend to the assessment of young children. While ECEs primarily use observation to assess children’s development and learning, specific assessment tools, which monitor and...
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The purpose of this study was to explore what healthy living means to adult women living in a rural area of a Canadian province. This study examined the benefits and barriers identified by the participants in relationship to healthy lifestyles, as well as the facilitators they recognized in relation...
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Current school culture places excessive emphasis on children reaching a minimum standard impairing their ability to reach their greatest potential. Students need to be challenged individually in authentic learning opportunities so that they can be supported to thrive as individuals. Teaching philoso...
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As the global population increases, so does global demand for energy, water and food expand. Meeting this continual spike of demand presents a tremendous challenge to Small Island States, given competing needs for limited resources amid heightened climate change. In order to overcome the increasing ...