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The purpose of this methodological investigation, part of a prospective cohort study, was to test the reliability and validity of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (BSES-SF) among Aboriginal women. The sample comprised 130 breastfeeding Aboriginal women from the postpartum ward of an ...
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Background: The impact of neurological conditions on individuals, families and society is increasing and having a significant economic impact in Canada. While some economic data is known, the human costs of living with a neurological condition are poorly understood and rarely factored into future bu...
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This study examined how acculturative stress is influenced by social capital, age, income, education and gender in a sample of 326 Iraqi-Christians from southern Ontario, Canada. Both overall acculturative stress and its individual constructs were tested in a series of logistic regression models. Fi...
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We explored the housing preferences of older adults and the variables that predict housing preferences. A random sample of 1,670 Atlantic Canadian communitydwelling older adults completed a mailed survey. We used hierarchical logistic regression to determine the characteristics of respondents who pr...
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It is clear that while transition from being a driver to being a non-driver is an important, and often negative, event in the life of older adults, there is little support available to help older adults through this transition. This study focuses on increasing our understanding of issues about drivi...
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Traditionally, exercise was advised with caution or not recommended for pregnant women. Women active before pregnancy were advised by physicians to reduce their habitual exercise levels, while previously inactive women were advised to refrain from initiating exercise programs.1 However, guidelines f...
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Exercise-induced cardiovascular (CV) events, particularly sudden cardiac death (SCD), attract considerable media attention in the context of the safety of exercise for the general population. As a result, concern about the safety of exercise participation is a common topic during routine office chec...
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Cancer is an important cause of both morbidity and mortality, currently accounting for approximately 1 of every 4 deaths in North America.1,2 However, survival rates are continually increasing, as diagnostic and surgical techniques are improved and ever more effective local, regional, and systemic t...
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Emerging evidence suggests that sedentary behaviour is independently associated with cardiometabolic disease risk in school-aged children and youth. This thesis includes 4 related studies in the pursuit of 2 objectives: (i) To determine the cross-sectional association of sedentary time, interruption...
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The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature and compare the effectiveness of controlled interventions with a focus on physical activity (PA) and/or sedentary behaviours (SBs) for reducing sedentary time in adults. Six electronic databases were searched to identify all stu...
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Researchers are beginning to examine issues of age, gender, & abuse, but empirical data is lacking. The purpose of this exploratory study was to identify contextual variables, with a particular focus on gender, that may be related to the abuse of older adults. Abuse cases, as described by 121 pr...
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Feeding flavonoid-rich blueberries to spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats (SHRSP) lowers blood pressure. To determine whether this is due to inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) activity, as seen with other flavanoid-rich foods, we fed blueberries to SHRSP and normotensive rats...
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Paper presented at the 4th Symposium of the Population, Work, and Family Policy Research Collaboration (PWFC), Gatineau, PQ
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Regulation of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is crucial to regulate extracellular matrix (ECM) proteolysis which is important in metastasis. This study investigated the mechanism(s) by which three flavonoid-enriched fractions from lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) down-regulate MMP a...
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The rotary diversified diet, used in the management of environmental illness, consists of eliminating prohibited foods from the diet and rotating remaining non-prohibited foods and their "food families" within a regular cycle. We assessed the adequacy of nutrient intakes in 22 women prescr...
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Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with increased oxidative stress and inflammation, Which impair insulin and glucose metabolism. Fruit and vegetables high in antioxidant compounds improve glucose and insulin metabolism in T2D. Rosehips contain significant levels of antioxidant and anti-inflammator...
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We addressed how family factors influenced the future housing preferences of seniors. A total of 100 adults ranging in age from 65 to 98 participated in face-to-face interviews. The vast majority of the respondents had no plans to move, and most wanted to remain living in close proximity to family. ...
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MacLellan et al seek to summarize the findings of the Prince Edward Island (PEI) Nutrition Survey. A random sample of 1,995 adults aged 18-74 were interviewed in their homes and weights, heights, and waist circumference measurements were obtained. Results show that almost one third of PEI adults are...
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Purpose: The prevalence of micronutrient inadequacies was assessed among adult residents of Prince Edward Island (PEI) in the PEI Nutrition Survey. Methods: A peer-reviewed protocol was used in this cross-sectional survey, in which 24-hour recalls were administered during in-home interviews. A strat...
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It was not until I was asked to teach clinical nutrition that I began to understand the source of my frustrations. When you have to teach someone how to 'be clientcentred' you have to truly understand what that means - and I realized that I did not. Further, in talking with my colleagues i...