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Analyzes predictions made by previous allometric analyses of the relationship between population density and body mass. Ecological density of terrestrial mammal populations; Effect of trophic groups and body sizes of community members and the range of sizes; Energy use of herbivores, carnivores, and...
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R. culicivorax juveniles were dissected out of Aedes aegypti larvae 7 days after infection and incubated under controlled conditions in isotonic saline containing a 14C-labelled fatty acid (palmitic acid), monoacylglycerol (glycerol monoolein), or triacylglycerol (glycerol tripalmitate) nutrient sou...
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The responses of shortfin eel (Anguilla australis) to discharges from two pulp and paper mills, municipal wastewater, and a geothermal power plant wastewater were examined. Eels were caged at 3 sites along the Tarawera River, North Island, New Zealand, to explore effects of a 3-wk exposure down a co...
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Little is known about the small mammalian fauna of Prince Edward Island (Canada), particularly shrews. Although historical data indicate the presence of five shrew species on Prince Edward Island (Sorex cinereus, S. fumeus, S. hoyi, S. palustris and Blarina brevicauda), recent studies have failed to...
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Ribonucleotide reductase is a highly regulated activity responsible for reducing ribonucleotides to deoxyribonucleotides, which are required for DNA synthesis and DNA repair. We have tested the hypothesis that malignant cell populations contain alterations in signal pathways important in controlling...
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The presence of unidentified estrogens and androgens in effluents from pulp and paper mills is well documented. However, their role in effluent effects on fish reproduction remains unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that reproductive impacts of a modern pulp mill ...
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Two experiments using rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were conducted to examine the combined effects of energy intake as manipulated by ration and pulp and paper mill effluent exposure over either one, or two consecutive reproductive cycles. This study demonstrated that the level of energy intak...
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Eggs (0-24 h old and 48-72 h old) of Choristoneura fumiferana were treated topically with fenoxycarb dissolved in acetone. Only 25% of treated eggs hatched, compared to 90% of control eggs. Survival of larvae from treated eggs to induction of diapause in the 2nd instar, and of diapausing larvae, was...
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In addition to two opposite cotyledons, germinating seedlings of V. riparia and Vitis cv. Vivant display two other phyllotactic patterns: (1) immediately following the emergence of the cotyledons, leaves are initiated individually in a spiral pattern, usually 2/5; (2) upon the initiation of the firs...
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Homeosis is defined as the complete or partial replacement of one part of an organism with another part. Double-flowered cultivars of H. rosa-sinensis display a divergent floral morphology that appears to fit the criteria for homeosis. The corolla of single flowered cultivars is pentamerous. Mature ...
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The Gulf of St. Lawrence aster, Symphyotrichum laurentianum (Fernald) Nesom is listed as “threatened” according to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). This rare halophyte is found in only a few locations in New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and the Magdalen...
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This is the first report of materials representing the "Falkenbergia" stage of the tropical marine red alga, Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan from the Philippines. Information on the morphology and geographical distribution of both gametophytic and sporophytic stages are presented...
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The acute lethality of low dissolved oxygen (DO) was examined in laboratory studies using several New Zealand freshwater fish and two invertebrates at 15 degree C. The 48-h LC sub(50) value was used as the endpoint for acute DO sensitivity as, owing to rapid mortality, this was found to best approxi...
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The larval stages of the cynipid wasp Diplolepis rosaefolii induce the formation of single-chambered, lenticular galls on the leaves of the wild shrub rose, Rosa virginiana. The development of galls induced by D. rosaefolii was studied using light and scanning electron microscopy. The gall consists ...
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A method for obtaining algal chromosomal preparations is described employing the Fuelgen method for DNA staining, Fe-propionocarmine as an enhancing stain, and cupra-ammonium to remove cell wall material. Fe-propionocarmine applied as a gradient to the slide provides cells stained with the Feulgen s...
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Epilepsy research relies heavily on animal models that mimic some, or all, of the clinical symptoms observed. We have previously described a new developmental rat model of epilepsy that demonstrates both behavioural seizures and changes in hippocampal morphology. In the current study we investigated...
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Sewage effluent application to land is a treatment technology that requires appropriate consideration of various design factors. Soil type, level of sewage pre-treatment and irrigation rate were assessed for their influence on the success of soil treatment in removing pharmaceuticals remaining after...
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Several lines of evidence suggest that L-type Ca2+ channels (1,4-dihydropyridine receptors) are modulated by GTP-binding proteins. We have further examined this interaction by measuring the effect of 1,4-dihydropyridines on GTPase activity in brain membranes. Dihydropyridine agonists significantly i...
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Regulation of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is crucial to regulate extracellular matrix (ECM) proteolysis which is important in metastasis. This study investigated the mechanism(s) by which three flavonoid-enriched fractions from lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) down-regulate MMP a...
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Two agricultural runoff events involving the pesticide azinphos-methyl occurred in July 2002 on the Wilmot River, Prince Edward Island, Canada, resulting in the death of thousands of fish. The fish communities from three sites on this river had been sampled in 2001, permitting comparisons of brook t...
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