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This book is intended as a textbook for veterinary students as well as practitioners in small animal practice or laboratory animal care facilities. There are 31 chapters dealing with the restraint, blood collection, injection techniques, placement and care of intravenous catheters, fine needle aspir...
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Theoretical studies have indicated that alternans (period-doubling instability) of action potential duration is associated with a restitution relation with a slope >or=1. However, recent experimental findings suggest that the slope of the restitution relation is not necessarily predictive of alte...
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Defining the cellular electrophysiological mechanisms for ventricular tachyarrhythmias is difficult, given the wide array of potential mechanisms, ranging from abnormal automaticity to various types of reentry and kk activity. The degree of difficulty is increased further by the fact that any partic...
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We have previously demonstrated that cardiac myocytes isolated from the hearts of adult dogs develop rapid repetitive cytosolic Ca2+ transients, membrane depolarization, and cell contraction by mobilization of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ stores when exposed to a soluble factor from the trypomastigot...
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Non-viral gene vectors have attracted much attention recently due to setbacks with viral delivery systems. Here a new non-viral delivery system based on nanobiohybrids synthesized by the intercalation of a full gene and promoter encoding Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP) between the layers of an inorg...
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BACKGROUND: Restitution kinetics and alternans of ventricular action potential duration (APD) have been shown to be important determinants of cardiac electrical stability. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that APD restitution and alternans properties differ between normal and diseased human v...
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Heterogeneity of cardiac electrical properties can lead to heart rhythm disorders. Numerical studies have shown that stimuli chosen to maximize dynamic heterogeneity terminate wave propagation. However, experimental investigations suggest that similar sequences induce fragmentation of the wave front...
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In dogs and in humans, potassium channels formed by ether-a-go-go-related gene 1 protein ERG1 (KCNH2) and KCNQ1 alpha-subunits, in association with KCNE beta-subunits, play a role in normal repolarization and may contribute to abnormal repolarization associated with long QT syndrome (LQTS). The mole...
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We present details of a novel bioelectric interface formed by placing microfabricated probes into insect during metamorphic growth cycles. The inserted microprobes emerge with the insect where the development of tissue around the electronics during the pupal development allows mechanically stable an...
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To test whether hyperkalemia suppresses ventricular fibrillation (VF) by reducing the slope of the action potential duration (APD) restitution relation, we determined the effects of the extracellular K(+) concentration (K(+)](o)) (KCl] = 2.7-12 mM) on the restitution of APD and maximum upstroke velo...