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1. 1.|Decreasing temperature stimuli produced responses and threshold similar to those produced by increasing temperature stimuli in a previous study with skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis. 2. 2.|Restrained skipjack tuna signaled by deceleration of heart rate that they could perceive abrupt temperat...
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We investigated the influence of oxygen demand (developmental stage) and supply (hypoxia, water flow rate, the chorion and body movements) on the oxygen concentration within the boundary layer next to the chorion of embryos or skin of larvae of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Oxygen microelectr...
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A popular part of many athletes pre-game regime is to stretch. We examined whether a pre-injury stretching protocol could prevent acute contraction-induced injury. The in situ extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle of an anesthetized mouse (80 mg/kg intra-peritoneal) was used. Damage to the muscle f...
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Most athletes stretch as part of their training regimen and it is commonly believed that this practice prevents muscle injury. We tested this belief using an animal model, in situ mouse extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle. One lower hindlimb was slowly stretched for 1 min on alternate days for 12...
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The goal of our experiment was to elucidate the effect of stimulus duty cycle (the percentage of the cycle that the muscle was stimulated), phase (the relative timing of the imposed sinusoidal length change and stimulation), and muscle cycle frequency (the speed at which the muscle was cycled) on wo...
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To test predictions of biochemical symmorphosis, we measured the activity of seven consecutive glycolytic enzymes at three positions along the heterothermic white muscle of the bluefin tuna. Biochemical symmorphosis predicts that adjustments in sequential enzyme concentrations along a thermal gradie...
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We measured enzyme activities along a heterothermic tissue, the visceral retia mirabilia of the bluefin tuna, to test current theories of enzyme temperature adaptation. The heterothermic tissue model is ideal for the study of fundamental temperature adaptation because it eliminates confounding effec...
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Swimbladder walls of lake charr, Salvelinus namaycush, from Great Slave Lake (GSL), Northwest Territories, Canada, were unusually thick for the species. The thinnest sections of the GSL bladders (mean = 2.44mm, range = 1.1-4.4mm) were significantly thicker (P = 0.001) than lake charr swimbladders co...
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We examined the thermal biology of free-ranging terrestrial eastern foxsnakes (Elaphe gloydi Conant, 1940) that were voluntarily swimming in cold water during spring, in Georgian Bay, Ontario, Canada. Using temperature-sensitive radiotelemetry, we recorded body temperatures of foxsnakes during 12 co...
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In a previous study we showed that many of the morphological features of the respiratory system of GH (growth hormone) transgenic Atlantic salmon are greater than similarly sized control salmon. Here we show that the manifestation of GH transgene is similar in two different lines of GH transgenic Pa...
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In a cross-sectional study of 633 pigs from 21 herds on Prince Edward Island, Canada (PEI), the prevalence of infection with Cryptosporidium and Giardia, and the genotypes and species of isolates were determined in order to establish the zoonotic potential of pigs in this region. As determined by di...
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The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence and assemblages of Giardia and species of Cryptosporidium on beef farms in Prince Edward Island (PEI), Canada, including the water sources associated with the farms, and to determine risk factors for infection of cattle with these parasit...
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This paper surveys the biology of central Amazonian fishes and the physicochemical condi- tions of their habitats, with particular emphasis on factors related to respiration, in order to place in an ecological perspective the studies of respiratory physiology carried out on the 1976 Alpha Helix Amaz...
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An electron microscopic study of the red and white muscle fibres in the trunk musculature of the Kawakawa tuna ( Euthynnus affinis ) was carried out with a view to correlating their structure with metabolic adaptation. The red fibres which are considerably smaller in diameter (34.58 µm ± 6.16 ...