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351 - 375 of 390
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OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pedometers can be used to measure physical activity in dogs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. ANIMALS: 26 dogs. PROCEDURE: To determine pedometer accuracy, number of steps recorded with the pedometer as dogs walked, trotted, and ran for a distance of approximately 30 m ...
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Thirteen dogs with postanesthetic esophageal dysfunction were identified; 10 of these animals had esophageal stricture. Regurgitation was noted in six dogs during the inciting anesthetic event. Clinical problems common to all dogs included vomiting/regurgitation and weight loss. Coughing was noted i...
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A major review.
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Six dogs were randomly assigned to each of 6 reversal treatment groups. At least 7 days were allowed to elapse between experiments in the same dog. In each experiment, oxymorphone (0.22 mg/kg of body weight, i.v.) and diazepam (0.22 mg/kg, i.v.) were given sequentially 15 min after glycopyrrolate (0...
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A new nematode genus and species, Paraspiralatus sakeri, is described from the stomach of a wild-caught, female saker falcon in Saudi Arabia. This spirurid differs from the nearest genus and species Spiralatus baeri Chabaud, Brygoo & Durette, 1963 in the shape of the pseudolabia, shape of the buccal...
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Factors affecting the postincisional use of analgesics for ovariohysterectomy (OVH) in dogs and cats were assessed by using data collected from 280 Canadian veterinarians, as part of a national, randomized mail survey (response rate 57.8%). Predictors of analgesic usage identified by logistic regres...
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It is not always possible to identify female cats that have undergone previous ovariohysterectomy based on physical examination alone. An easy, cost-effective method for screening female cats for reproductive status would be helpful for avoiding unnecessary exploratory laparotomies. The purpose of t...
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Objective: To report clinical findings and explore prognostic factors for dogs that had cholecystectomy for gall bladder mucocele. Study Design: Retrospective case series. Animals: Dogs (n = 43) with gall bladder mucoceles. Results: Diagnosis of gall bladder mucoceles was confirmed by histopathology...
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OBJECTIVES: To compare Schirmer tear test (STT) values, corneal sensitivity, tear film break up times (TFBUTs), and tear glucose concentrations in relation to conjunctival microflora, and conjunctival cytologic and histologic findings among diabetic cataractous, nondiabetic cataractous, and nondiabe...
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Testicular weight is a valuable measure of gonadal development in laboratory mice, but is usually only obtainable postmortem. The objective was to assess the utility of antemortem, noninvasive methods of predicting testicular weight and volume in peripubertal mice. Body weight, scrotal width, and ul...
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Objective—To determine the prevalence of various radiographic findings for dogs with cardiac tamponade (CT) attributable to pericardial effusion (PE) and to determine the sensitivity and specificity of such findings for identification of affected dogs. Design—Retrospective, randomized, blinded,...
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The frequency of claw regrowth, bony remnants, and complications in cats that underwent forelimb onychectomy using laser, scalpel, or guillotine techniques were evaluated. Eighty-seven client-owned cats were recruited from 27 veterinary clinics in the Canadian Atlantic provinces. At least 1 year aft...
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A 6-year-old French spaniel and a 14-month-old German shepherd dog were diagnosed with ear canal atresia. Based on presentation, computed tomography, and auditory function evaluation, the first dog underwent excision of the horizontal ear canal and bulla curettage, and the second underwent re-anasto...
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OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of xylazine bolus versus medetomidine constant rate infusion (MCRI) on serum cortisol and glucose concentrations, urine production, and anesthetic recovery characteristics in dorsally recumbent, spontaneously breathing, isoflurane-anesthetized horses. DESIGN: Prosp...
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OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of xylazine bolus versus medetomidine constant rate infusion (MCRI) on cardiopulmonary function and depth of anesthesia in dorsally recumbent, spontaneously breathing, isoflurane-anesthetized horses. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized crossover study. ANIMALS: 10 he...
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OBJECTIVE: To validate a model of postfracture pain in perching birds. ANIMALS: 21 adult domestic pigeons (Columba livia). PROCEDURES: In each bird, a standardized osteotomy of 1 femur was performed and the fracture was immobilized with an intramedullary pin. Degree of postoperative pain was eval...
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BACKGROUND Myocardial fibrosis is a hallmark of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Human patients with HCM have high serum concentrations of biomarkers of collagen synthesis, indicating a profibrotic state. This abnormality exists in sarcomere mutation carriers both with and without overt left ventr...
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In a comparison of 2 formalin killed vaccines, SHAWOGEN using an isolate (AVC U-13220) of Vibrio anguillarum (serotype 2) isolated from cod, and a commercial vaccine (VIBROGEN-2) prepared from 3 isolates (2 V. anguillarum, and V. ordalii) the vaccines were given i.p. with mild anaesthesia, by sprayi...
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OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of Y-shaped tibia plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) plates for the stabilization of supracotyloid ilial fracture in four dogs and one cat. METHODS: Clinical cases with supracotyloid ilial fracture that were repaired with a Y-shaped TPLO plate were retrospectively re...
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This report describes an 8-month-old male Labrador retriever dog that was evaluated for a 2-day history of anuria and vomiting following a suspected inadvertent prostatectomy during a cryptorchidectomy. A positive contrast urethrogram was performed to definitively diagnose the absence of a patent pr...
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ST-246 is a low-molecular-weight compound (molecular weight=376), that is potent (concentration that inhibited virus replication by 50%=0.010 micro M), selective (concentration of compound that inhibited cell viability by 50%=>40 micro M), and active against multiple orthopoxviruses, including vacci...
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Between 1994 and 1995, serial radiographic studies, used for the assessment of musculoskeletal conditions and early detection of skeletal abnormalities, were conducted on bustards maintained in breeding programmes at the National Avian Research Centre (NARC) in the United Arab Emirates. The risk of ...