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OBJECTIVE: To determine effects of i.v. medetomidine administration on selected clinicopathologic variables in dogs. ANIMALS: 6 healthy adult Beagles. PROCEDURE: Dogs were randomly assigned to each of 3 treatments in a crossover study design. Serum osmolality, urine osmolality, urine pH, and fractio...
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A random sample of 652 Canadian veterinarians was surveyed to determine perioperative use of analgesics in dogs and cats following common surgeries. The response rate was 57.8%. With the exception of taildocking in puppies, at least 85% of animals received preincisional analgesics, and 30% to 98.1% ...
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In 13 Smooth Fox Terriers with a congenital form of myasthenia gravis, clinical signs included intermittent, progressive muscle weakness that became more pronounced with exercise; muscle wasting; megaoesophagus; and aspiration pneumonia. Neurological abnormalities were apparent only during periods o...
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Seventeen llamas and 23 alpacas of various coat and iris colors were evaluated for: (1) deafness by using brainstem auditory evoked response testing; and (2) for ocular abnormalities via complete ophthalmic examination. No animals were deaf. The most common ocular abnormalities noted were iris-to-ir...
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A lesion in the cervical region of a 14-month-old Belgian gelding with severe ataxia was suspected. Necropsy revealed symmetric focal cartilage defects compatible with osteochondrosis of the occipital condyles and atlanto-occipital dysplasia. To our knowledge this is the first equine report of symme...
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Case records of 11 dogs with histologically confirmed carotid body tumors were reviewed. Surgical excision had been attempted in ten dogs with carotid body tumors, and one dog had been euthanatized at diagnosis. There were no intraoperative deaths but perioperative mortality was 40%. Horner's syndro...
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Adjuvant analgesics are drugs that have weak or nonexistent analgesic action when administered alone but can enhance analgesic actions when coadministered with known analgesic agents. Such agents are often administered in cases of refractory pain. For some chronic pain syndromes, however, they may c...
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This study evaluated, for the first time, the selection of antibiotic resistance in faecal Escherichia coli, a potential reservoir of genes of resistance, during the prolonged exposure to fluoroquinolones after the implantation of a local drug delivery system (LDDS) in a swine model. Fourteen pigs w...
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Communication skills are considered a core clinical skill in human medicine. Recognizing the importance of communication skills and addressing them in veterinary curricula, however, is just beginning. In the fall of 2003, the Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island, markedly ...
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of a questionnaire regarding the nonphysical aspects of quality of life (QOL) to differentiate sick and healthy dogs. ANIMALS: 120 dogs. PROCEDURE: The questionnaire was administered by telephone to owners of 120 dogs with appointments at a veterinary teaching hosp...
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A controlled trial of an outpatient cognitive behavioural pain management programme for sufferers of non-cancer chronic pain is described. A multidisciplinary team set up a programme of ten half day sessions for groups of ten to fourteen patients aiming to improve activity levels and control over pa...
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To test the acidifying ability of the distal portion of the nephrons in healthy dogs, 0.2 g of NH4Cl/kg of body weight was given PO. Samples for venous blood gas analysis and urine pH were taken hourly for 6 hours. Systemic acidemia developed, as evidenced by a statistically significant (P less than...
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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cardiovascular effects of the alpha2-adrenergic receptor agonist medetomidine hydrochloride in clinically normal cats. ANIMALS: 7 clinically normal cats. PROCEDURE: Cats were anesthetized with isoflurane, and thermodilution catheters were placed for measurement of central ...
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