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Users of social bookmarking systems take advantage of pivot browsing, an interaction technique allowing them to easily refine lists of bookmarks through the selection of filter terms. However, social bookmarking systems use one-size-fits-all ranking metrics to order refined lists. These generic ...
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We present a fast incremental algorithm for constructing minimal DFCA for a given language. Since it was shown that the DFCA for a language L can have less states than the DFA for L, this technique seen-is to be the best choice for incrementally building the automaton for a large language, especiall...
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One of the main obstacles for wider adoption of semantic rich e-learning systems is the difficulty in creating and maintaining domain ontologies describing courses. Annotations, such as those resulting from collaborative tagging, provide a new source of information which can be used to ease the ...
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Interactive systems often require calibration to ensure that input and output are optimally configured. Without calibration, user performance can degrade (e.g., if an input device is not adjusted for the user's abilities), errors can increase (e.g., if color spaces are not matched), and som...
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he social semantic Web has recently emerged as a paradigm in which ontologies (aimed at defining, structuring and sharing information) and collaborative software (used for creating and sharing knowledge) have been merged together. Ontologies provide an effective means of capturing and integratin...
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In games where skills such as targeting are critical to winning, it is difficult for players with different skill levels to have a competitive and engaging experience. Although several mechanisms for accommodating different skill levels have been proposed, traditional approaches can be too obvio...
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This paper outlines our experiences with applying collaborative tagging in e-learning systems to supplement more traditional metadata gathering approaches. Over the last 10 years, the learning object paradigm has emerged in e-learning and has caused standards bodies to focus on creating metadata...
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A string x is random according to Kolmogorov [10] if, given its length, there is no stringy, sensibly shorter than x, by means of which a universal partial recursive function could produce x. This remarkable definition has been validated in several ways (see [12, 14, 2, 11]) including a topological ...
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This paper presents a systems approach to facilitate effective learning object acquisition through the use of communications, modeling, and the agent metaphor. By changing the emphasis that is usually placed on metadata creation and interpretation (which can be problematic) we instead focus on t...
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Usage data logged from user interactions can be extremely valuable for evaluating software usability. However, instrumenting software to collect usage data is a time-intensive task that often requires technical expertise as well as an understanding of the usability issues to be explored. We have...
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This paper describes work we have done over the past five years in developing e-
learning applications and tools using Semantic Web and Web 2.0 technologies. It does not
provide a comprehensive description of these tools; instead, we focus on the pitfalls we have
encountered and attemp...
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Tag clouds are a popular method for visualizing and linking socially-organized information on websites. Tag clouds represent variables of interest (such as popularity) in the visual appearance of the keywords themselves - using text properties such as font size, weight, or colour. Although tag c...
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Today’s technology enhanced learning practices cater to students and teachers who use many different learning tools and environments and are used to a paradigm of interaction derived from open, ubiquitous, and socially-oriented services. In this context, a crucial issue for education systems in ge...
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Pointing at displays from a distance is becoming a common scenario for controlling computers and entertainment systems. Several devices use direct-pointing methods, where the user points a hand-held device at targets on a screen, but these often suffer from accuracy probl...
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We introduce a right congruence relation that is the analogy of the Nerode congruence when catenation is replaced by shuffle. Using this relation we show that for certain subclasses of regular languages the shuffle decomposition problem is decidable. We show that shuffle decomposition is undecidable...
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Information seeking on the Web has become a central part of many daily activities. Even though information seeking is extremely common, there are many times when these tasks are unsuccessful, because the information found is less than ideal or the task could have been completed more efficiently. In...
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Crisis command centres often gather data from disparate locations and collect it for visualization on a large, shared screen. However, the resulting visualization often lacks expressiveness: it fails to express nuanced mediating characteristics about the information, such as speci...