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51 - 75 of 1901
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Populations of feral pigs (Sus scrofa) may serve as an environmental reservoir of Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts and Giardia sp. cysts for source water. We conducted a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence of and associated demographic and environmental risk factors for the shedding of C...
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The financial impact of an outbreak of transmissible gastroenteritis in pigs which occurred in February 1986, was evaluated in a California sow herd (320 sows, 15 boars) through estimating the effects on growth, feed, and profit. Two groups of pigs were studied: pigs born before and surviving the ou...
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Milk from 172 commercial cows with mild to moderate clinical mastitis was tested with five antibiotic residue detection assay systems. One hundred cows were treated with one of two intramammary beta-lactam antibiotics, and the remaining 72 cows were treated with intramuscular oxytocin. Milk samples ...
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In studies involving 417 heifer calves born in the San Joaquin Valley between Jan. 1991 and Jan. 1992, determinations of packed cell volume (PCV), total proteins (TP), serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) and birth weight were assessed as possible risk factors in neonatal diarrhoea. Positive associations we...
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OBJECTIVE: To isolate and characterize mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from canine muscle and periosteum and compare proliferative capacities of bone marrow-, adipose tissue-, muscle-, and periosteum-derived MSCs (BMSCs, AMSCs, MMSCs, and PMSCs, respectively). SAMPLE: -7 canine cadavers. PROCEDURES:...
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The growth, survival and tag retention of double-tagged external FT4 lock-on (FT4) and internal passive integrated transponder (PIT)-tagged] Atlantic halibut Hippoglossus hippoglossus were compared to internal PIT-tagged controls in a randomized trial. The objective was to assess the suitability of ...
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Staphylococcus aureus is the most prevalent pathogen causing intramammary infections (IMI) in dairy cattle worldwide. New treatment regimens have been evaluated to increase cure rates. A systematic review was conducted to answer this question: what is the best antibiotic treatment for S aureus IMI o...
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Serologic testing for porcine parvovirus was used to illustrate the difficulties of interpreting results of an imperfect test performed on a sample from a herd. Herd seroprevalence and true prevalence levels were classified as low (< 40%), medium (40–79.9%) or high (≥ 80%). Results obtained from...
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Histology is often underutilized in aquatic animal disease screening and diagnostics. The agreement between histological classifications of infection and results using diagnostic testing from the American Fisheries Society's Blue Book was conducted with 4 common salmon pathogens: Aeromonas salmonici...
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Between July 1985 and April 1986, mycobacterial lymphadenitis was diagnosed in 6 of 2407 slaughter pigs from a herd in which most animals were raised in confinement. All 6 affected pigs had access to earth-floored pens at least 81 days before slaughter. Infection rate was 9.4% in pigs kept on earth ...
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This web site (URL http://www.dis.strath.ac.uk/vie/Lyme EU/) provides information on Lyme borreliosis for physicians, scientists, health care workers, veterinarians and students. It consists of a review of the spirochaetes, vectors, reservoir hosts, diagnosis, treatment, epidemiology and prevention ...
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Deaths in cattle fed sudax hay were attributed to nitrate poisoning. Seventy-three animals out of 157 cattle died after being fed the hay, and 11 of the surviving cows aborted in the next 6 days. Toxicological findings supported this diagnosis with samples of the sudax hay containing up to 3.1% nitr...
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The conduct of randomized controlled trials in livestock with production, health, and food-safety outcomes presents unique challenges that may not be adequately reported in trial reports. The objective of this project was to modify the CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) statement t...
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Toxigenic type D P. multocida was first detected in New South Wales in 1986. A survey in 1987 indicated that 2% of herds with more than 20 sows were infected. In 44 randomly selected herds, examined between July 1988 and February 1989, the prevalence of infection was 4.5%. In all examined herds, the...
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During the course of a multi-site clinical field trial comparing the field effectiveness of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) vaccines, an opportunity arose to examine the potential effects of repeated fish handling on the controlled trial outcome. Fish-level data obtained by seining, dip-netting and...
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A method and a corresponding system for obtaining a serum mid-infrared spectroscopic profile using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) are described. The method comprises acquiring FTIR spectra for dried sera and preprocessing the FTIR spectra of sera by differentiation and smoothing to e...
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Data were collected for 3636 full-term pigs born in a commercial swine herd to determine the effects of birth weight and clinical disease on survival during the first 3 weeks of life. Logistic regression models were constructed for 7-day survival for all live-born pigs, and for 21-day survival for p...
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To determine the identity of the tick vector of enzootic B. gibsoni in California, USA, 2 common ixodid ticks were allowed to engorge upon B. gibsoni-infected dogs. Sporozoites were observed in the salivary glands of prefed nymphs of R. sanguineus that fed as larvae on B. gibsoni-infected dogs. A hi...
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Invasive species such as ascidians have negative effects on aquaculture operations worldwide. Prince Edward Island, Canada, in particular has seen high fouling levels of non-native tunicates including the colonials Botryllus schlosseri and Botrylloides violaceus. Previous research indicated that hig...
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A kinetic enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed using antigenic extracts prepared from P. cuniculi and sera from 37 Psoroptes sp.-infested and 43 uninfested bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis). Serial dilutions of these serum samples, representing 3 bighorn sheep subspecies and 9 geogr...