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1551 - 1575 of 2026
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Objective: Sample Population: Procedures: Results: Conclusions and Clinical Relevance: To compare macrostructural and microstructural features of proximal sesamoid bones (PSBs) from horses with and without PSB midbody fracture to gain insight into the pathogenesis of PSB fracture.PSBs from 16 Thorou...
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Mussel growers in Prince Edward Island (PEI), Canada, currently use high-pressure water spraying (~700 psi) to mortally injure
or dislodge invasive tunicates from mussel product and gear. An added benefit of this process may be the stimulation of byssal
thread production, leading to improv...
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The development of effective mitigation techniques against Botryllus schlosseri and Botrylloides violaceus colonizing blue mussel
aquaculture operations has not been well studied. The objectives of our research were to determine the efficacy of using pressurized seawater
in the mitigation ...
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The development and implementation of systems for real-time monitoring of health data has been limited in veterinary medicine by the lack of computerized, automatically collected data. We describe the construction of a surveillance system for early detection of cattle diseases based on laboratory re...
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OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine if the consumption of certain foods during the year prior to diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) was associated with the risk of developing T1D in children and youth residing in Prince Edward Island, Canada. METHODS: Cases (n = 57) co...
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Bison and elk in the greater Yellowstone area are the last-known reservoir of Brucella abortus in the United States. Diagnosis of brucellosis is challenging as there is no perfect reference test. The objectives of this study were to estimate the accuracy of the fluorescence polarization assay (FPA) ...
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Bluetongue virus (BTV) is the cause of bluetongue, an emerging, arthropod-transmitted disease of ungulates. Bluetongue is characterized by vascular injury with hemorrhage, tissue infarction and widespread edema, lesions that are consistent with those of the so-called viral hemorrhagic fevers. To fur...
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BACKGROUND: Although its prevalence is still debated, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, and smoking cessation remains the only intervention that can significantly improve the prognosis of COPD. METHODS: To determine the p...
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Immune response to fish microsporidia is still unknown and there are current research trying to elucidate the events involved in the immune response to this parasite. There is evidence suggesting the role of innate immune response and it is clear that adaptive immunity plays an essential part for el...
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In the design of clinical trials involving fish observed over time in tanks, there may be advantages in housing several treatment groups within the same tank. In particular, such "within-tank" designs will be more efficient than designs with treatment groups in separate tanks when substant...
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We are conducting studies on the impacts of parasites on Oregon coastal coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kistuch). An essential first step is documenting the geographic distribution of infections, which may be accomplished by using different methods for parasite detection. Thus, the objectives of the curre...
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Over a 2-yr study period, we investigated possible endogenous transplacental transmission of Neospora hughesi in 74 mare and foal pairs following the diagnosis of neuronal neosporosis in a weanling foal. Presuckle and postsuckle serum of each foal, serum and colostrum of each periparturient mare, an...
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In 2004, an exotic tunicate, Ciona intestinalis, was detected in Montague River, Prince Edward Island. Since it was first detected, this exotic species has become an invasive nuisance species creating production problems in bivalve aquaculture industries including handling difficulties and resource ...
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This chapter covers the host range and specificity, morphology, life cycle, physiopathology, parasite-host interactions, role as disease vector and control and prevention (biological control, environmental approach, drug therapy, vaccination and insecticides) of Lepeophtheirus salmonis and Caligus r...
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Highly reactive horses may pose risks to humans involved in equestrian activities. Among the factors that may affect horses' reactivity to external stimuli are pesticides used for fly control in equine facilities. The organophosphorus (OP) insecticide tetrachlorvinphos (TCVP) is used as a feed-throu...
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The conduct of randomized controlled trials in livestock with production, health, and food-safety outcomes presents unique challenges that may not be adequately reported in trial reports. The objective of this project was to modify the CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) statement t...
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