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Not all data fabrication originates with, or is known by, the researcher. Fabrication of survey data can occur at multiple sites in the data collection hierarchy. To prevent such survey fraud, each research program must give attention to increasing operational safeguards. Funding agencies should be ...
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An "icebreaker" that opened the first day of a community health research internship program for nurses at the school of nursing, University of Ottawa, in the summer of 2003 took on a life of its own. Its metaphorical magic revealed collaboration in research, management and clinical practice.
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This research study entitled Building Healthy Mi'kmaq Communities in Prince Edward Island is important because at the outset of the study, little or no research had been undertaken with the Mi'kmaq communities of PEL The purpose of the study was to focus primarily on the determinants of he...
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During the past decade,there have been several health surveys involving Canada?s Aboriginal people.In many of these studies,the Aboriginal population of Prince Edward Island (P.E.I.) has not been adequately represented.Given the lack of information regarding the health status of this population,the ...
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In the province of Prince Edward Island (PEI), which has a small homogeneous population of approximately 140,000 people, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death accounting for 37% of the total deaths. Next to Newfoundland, this province ranks second highest in Canada for its incidence o...
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What was initiated as a directive from a provincial government in an attempt to increase the number of critical care nurses has evolved into an exciting educational opportunity for many nurses and student nurses in the year 2000. Between 1993 and 1997 there has been significant downsizing of acute c...
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What is the process by which adolescents who smoke come to understand that their smoking is a problem and subsequently limit tobacco use by cutting down or quitting altogether?; DESIGN; Qualitative study using grounded theory.; SETTING; Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; PARTICIPANTS; 35 adolescen...
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OBJECTIVE: To study communication between family physicians (FPs) and oncologists, and to look at the factors that may influence FP involvement in cancer care. DESIGN: This survey design uses a qualitative methodology, where the data are analyzed using a modified grounded theory approach. SETTING: T...
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Summary Student nurses in a transatlantic exchange program explored the role of registered nurses in five countries’ public health systems. The Ottawa Charter provided a framework for students to examine the nurse’s responsibilities in public health. Students took practice placements in geograph...
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The objective of this randomized controlled trial was to test if parents' participation in an intervention based on an empowerment ideology and participatory experiences decreased the number of cigarettes smoked in homes. Sixty families were randomized to the intervention (n = 30) or control (n...
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Despite abundant evidence about the adverse effects of secondhand smoke exposure on children's health, few reports describe barriers and facilitators encountered by parents in making their homes and vehicles smoke-free. This article describes perceptions of barriers and facilitators to making h...
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Knowledge utilization (KU) is an essential component of today's nursing practice and healthcare system. Despite advances in knowledge generation, the gap in knowledge transfer from research to practice continues. KU models have moved beyond factors affecting the individual nurse to a broader pe...
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A smoking reduction and cessation program was implemented with registered nurses in 3 Canadian provinces. Nurses (n = 117) participated in either an 8-week group or self-directed program using a resource specifically designed for nurses. Questionnaires were administered prior to and at the end of th...
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Emotional intelligence, a concept well known in the world of business, is quickly gain ing recognition in the healthcare arena. Described as the primal aspect of leadership, emotional intelligence refers to the ability to monitor and discriminate among emotions, and to use the information to guide t...
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In this research, we endeavoured to gain a clearer understanding of what impact hospice palliative care (HPC) volunteers have on family caregivers and the underlying factors that contribute to this. We conducted ten face-to-face interviews with bereaved women who had previously provided care for the...
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Many learning needs arise in the early postpartum period, and it is important to examine interventions used to educate new parents about caring for their newborns during this time. The primary objective was to assess the effects of structured postnatal education delivered by an educator to an indiv...
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Objective: The general goal of this research was to determine the effectiveness of a home follow-up program in order to acquire guidance in how to plan the future structure and contents of post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients' care and rehabilitation. The specific aim of this study was to e...
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A descriptive correlational design was used to study quality of life and coping in 39 clients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Quality of life was measured by using the Sickness Impact Profile (SIP) and Cantril's Ladder; coping strategies were measured with Jalowiec's Coping...
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Current research suggests that pain is a relatively common phenomenon with 60-90% of patients presenting to emergency departments reporting pain (e.g., chest pain, trauma, extremity fractures and migraine headache) that require treatment [Hogan, S.L., 2005. Patient satisfaction with pain management ...