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Despite the fact that 90% of cervical cancers can be prevented by regular Pap screening, many women are not screened regularly, particularly older women. To understand better the barriers to screening, the authors held five focus groups during April 2000 in Prince Edward Island (PEI), Canada. Of the...
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The philosophy of primary health care (PHC) recognizes that health is a product of individual, social, economic, and political factors and that people have a right and a duty, individually and collectively, to participate in the course of their own health. The majority of nursing models cast the cli...
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OBJECTIVE: To determine whether participants preferred a provider-completed or self-reported antenatal psychosocial health assessment (ALPHA) form, to evaluate the forms' effectiveness in facilitating disclosure of psychosocial issues, and to determine whether different providers gathered diffe...
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OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of an assessment tool for antenatal psychosocial risk factors associated with poor postpartum outcomes. METHODS: A survey of Ontario family physicians established a need for an antenatal psychosocial health assessment (ALPHA) form. A critical literature review ...
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This research involves transdisciplinary, participatory research to identify strategies, approaches, tools, and resources that promote effective knowledge translation related to health in the rural communities of Prince Edward Island (PEI). Partnerships established with six rural PEI communities ena...
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During the course of his lengthy hospitalization, as he moves from emergency to rehabilitation, [Ben] will experience at least five different units and an ever-changing team of nurses, physicians, social workers, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, dietitians, students and more. The emergency...
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Purpose. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between women's perceptions of their childbirth experiences and their early postpartum parenting behaviours and to determine the factors that predict the birth experience. Methods. Of all women giving birth on Prince Edward Island b...
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Agricultural activity on Prince Edward Island poses a potential hazard to groundwater, which is the sole source of drinking water on the island. This study investigates the potential impact of groundwater nitrate exposure on prematurity and intrauterine growth restriction on Prince Edward Island. A ...
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We invited men to discuss their volunteer careers with hospice-palliative care (HPC) to better understand how to recruit and train, retain and support, and then successfully end their volunteer experience. Nine male current or former HPC volunteers participated in face-to-face interviews which were ...
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Asthma is the most common chronic illness in children and has a significant impact on children and their families. Asthma management requires a multi-faceted approach, including an effective educational component. The purpose of this pilot study was to compare outcomes for parents who participated i...
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Objective: Family support in end-of-life decision-making is critical, yet this issue receives little attention. The purpose of this research is to provide insight into how the clinical ethicist can effectively support family caregivers when making end-of-life healthcare decisions. It further suggest...
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Introduction: The research teams undertook a case study design using a common analytical framework to investigate three provincial (Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and Manitoba) knowledge exchange systems. These three knowledge exchange systems seek to generate and enhance the use of evidence in...
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OBJECTIVE: Although the majority of Canadian provinces have indicated that they have adopted new school nutrition policies, there have been few if any systematic evaluations of these policies. In Prince Edward Island, a nutrition policy for elementary schools was adopted province-wide in 2006. In th...
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Aim: This study examined the factors related to whether or not school-based tobacco control efforts were associated with student smoking behaviour among two groups of students: Group 1 (15–17 years of age; grade 10 in 2000 and grade 11 in 2001) and Group 2 (16–19 years of age; grade 11 in 2000 a...
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Objective This study explores the preparation and role of the public health nurse ( PHN) across European Union ( EU) countries ( Finland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom) and Canadian provinces ( Alberta, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island). Methods A literature review including relevant peer re...
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Objective To assess food consumption among aboriginal children living on Mi’kmaq reserves in Prince Edward Island, Canada. Design Data were collected as part of a larger study of health perceptions and behaviors in Mi’kmaq children and youth ages 1 to 18 years. Food consumption was ass...
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Primary health care has been espoused as the health care delivery model that is best suited for all. This unique campus project demonstrates a strategy that connects theory and practice when an integrated practice environment is not available.
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Purpose To examine how school-based smoking policies and prevention programs are associated with occasional and regular smoking among a cohort of grade 12 students in Prince Edward Island, Canada, between 1999 and 2001. Methods Data from the Tobacco Module of the School Health Action, Plan...
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This paper elicited context specific underlying beliefs for physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption and smoke-free behaviour from the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), and then determined whether the TPB explained significant variation in intentions and behaviour over a 1 month period in...
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INTRODUCTION: Practical strategies are needed to translate research knowledge between researchers and users into action. For effective translation to occur, researchers and users should partner during the research process, recognizing the impact that knowledge, when translated into practice, will ha...
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BACKGROUND Sugar-sweetened beverages ( SSBs) may play a role in increased rates of obesity. This study examined patterns and frequencies of beverage consumption among youth in 3 distinct regions in Canada, and examined associations between beverage consumption and age, sex, body mass index ( BMI), p...