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The purpose of this study is to document the perceptions of school leaders pertaining to the benefits and challenges of technology in high schools located on Prince Edward Island (PEI) (Canada). For this qualitative study, we interviewed 11 educational leaders representing the PEI Department of Educ...
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As youth struggle with anxiety and depression, promoting positive mental fitness is a primary concern. Canadian school-based mental health programs that focus on positive psychology and positive mental health initiatives emphasize safe and supportive environments, student engagement, resilience, and...
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Background: Smoking susceptibility has been found to be a strong predictor of experimental smoking. This paper examined which student- and school-level factors differentiated susceptible never smokers from non-susceptible never smokers among a nationally representative sample of Canadian students in...
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Introduction: Understanding the characteristics of experimental smoking among youth is critical for designing prevention programs. This study examined which student- and school-level factors differentiated experimental smokers from never smokers in a nationally representative sample of Canadian stud...
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This paper provides a conceptual synthesis of literature that addresses intersections of mental health, poverty, and school. It is based on a research synthesis for the youth policy framework for Ontario, Stepping Stones. The paper addresses research on challenges involving income inequality, povert...
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Background: The youth population of Prince Edward Island (PEI) is one of the least active in all of Canada (Colley et al., 2012). The social factors that influence youth physical activity (PA) behaviours are not well understood. There is a body of evidence which suggests there is a relationship betw...
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BACKGROUND Sugar-sweetened beverages ( SSBs) may play a role in increased rates of obesity. This study examined patterns and frequencies of beverage consumption among youth in 3 distinct regions in Canada, and examined associations between beverage consumption and age, sex, body mass index ( BMI), p...
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Background:

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a leading preventable cause of neurodevelopmental disability in North America. The stigma associated with alcohol use and abuse during pregnancy makes it difficult to obtain information on prenatal alcohol use through self-reporting. We asses...

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OBJECTIVES:

To explore the reasons why women stop breastfeeding completely before their infants are six months of age and to identify the factors associated with cessation and the timing of cessation.

METHODS:

For all singleton live newborns born between January 1, 2008 and December 3...

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The article presents a study on the use of knowledge exchange in school-based health promotion in Canada. It highlights the inability of youth health programs and policies stakeholders to engage youth in health promotion as well as offers a description of knowledge exchange and its role in a researc...
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Introduction: The research teams undertook a case study design using a common analytical framework to investigate three provincial (Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and Manitoba) knowledge exchange systems. These three knowledge exchange systems seek to generate and enhance the use of evidence in...
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Canada is an immigrant-receiving nation and many graduate students in nursing and other disciplines pursue immigrant health research. As these students often start with inadequate understanding of the policy, theoretical, and research contexts in which their work should be situated, we became concer...
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The main question examined is: How do nurses and other healthcare professionals ensure ethical interprofessional collaboration-in-practice as an everyday practice actuality? Ethical interprofessional collaboration becomes especially relevant and necessary when interprofessional practice decisions ar...
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Women living on rural Kenyan dairy farms spend significant amounts of time collecting wood for cooking. Biogas digesters, which generate biogas for cooking from the anaerobic decomposition of livestock manure, are an alternative fuel source. The objective of this study was to quantify the quality of...
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BACKGROUND: Within the preceptorship model of clinical teaching/learning, the creation of a cohesive relationship between a preceptor and a nursing student highly influences the overall success of the experience. Invariably, preceptors and students tend to be of different generations and as such, th...
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While pregnancy is a normal, transitional life event many women experience, the need exists for competent, holistic health care during this time in their lives. On Prince Edward Island, 90% of perinatal care is administered by obstetricians following a medical model of care; this is 30% greater than...
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Stroke is a leading cause of adult disability and mortality in Canada (Heart & Stroke Foundation, 2013). Over 75% of all strokes are initial strokes, the majority occurring in high-risk individuals with identifiable and modifiable risk factors. Proper interventions can reduce the risk of stroke by h...
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Hypertension is the leading risk factor for death and causes heart attacks, strokes, and kidney disease (Canadian Hypertension Education Program [CHEP], 2013; Heart & Stroke Foundation, 2012; Hypertension Canada, 2013). Over 21% of Islanders have been diagnosed with hypertension, and research indica...
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