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BACKGROUND Sugar-sweetened beverages ( SSBs) may play a role in increased rates of obesity. This study examined patterns and frequencies of beverage consumption among youth in 3 distinct regions in Canada, and examined associations between beverage consumption and age, sex, body mass index ( BMI), p...
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As youth struggle with anxiety and depression, promoting positive mental fitness is a primary concern. Canadian school-based mental health programs that focus on positive psychology and positive mental health initiatives emphasize safe and supportive environments, student engagement, resilience, and...
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Background: Smoking susceptibility has been found to be a strong predictor of experimental smoking. This paper examined which student- and school-level factors differentiated susceptible never smokers from non-susceptible never smokers among a nationally representative sample of Canadian students in...
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Introduction: Understanding the characteristics of experimental smoking among youth is critical for designing prevention programs. This study examined which student- and school-level factors differentiated experimental smokers from never smokers in a nationally representative sample of Canadian stud...
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This paper provides a conceptual synthesis of literature that addresses intersections of mental health, poverty, and school. It is based on a research synthesis for the youth policy framework for Ontario, Stepping Stones. The paper addresses research on challenges involving income inequality, povert...
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OBJECTIVES: Research suggests that light and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) has beneficial effects concerning longevity in heart disease patients. Yet, very little is known about the physical activity trajectories of patients who do not attend cardiac rehabilitation programs and wheth...
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Background: The youth population of Prince Edward Island (PEI) is one of the least active in all of Canada (Colley et al., 2012). The social factors that influence youth physical activity (PA) behaviours are not well understood. There is a body of evidence which suggests there is a relationship betw...
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Introduction: The research teams undertook a case study design using a common analytical framework to investigate three provincial (Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and Manitoba) knowledge exchange systems. These three knowledge exchange systems seek to generate and enhance the use of evidence in...
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Objective This study explores the preparation and role of the public health nurse ( PHN) across European Union ( EU) countries ( Finland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom) and Canadian provinces ( Alberta, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island). Methods A literature review including relevant peer re...
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It is well documented that nursing is concerned about the social support needs of older adults and the effects of those needs on health and well-being. Using survey data from the Atlantic Seniors Housing Research Alliance, the authors explore the emotional and informational social support needs of c...
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In order to offer optimal supports and services for mothers affected by intimate partner violence (IPV), an understanding of these mothers’ perceptions of support needs, resources, barriers to support, and preferences for support intervention is warranted. Moreover, the growing recognition of the ...
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Canada is an immigrant-receiving nation and many graduate students in nursing and other disciplines pursue immigrant health research. As these students often start with inadequate understanding of the policy, theoretical, and research contexts in which their work should be situated, we became concer...
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Reasons for the developmental variability in children exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) are unclear and under studied. This article presents exploratory findings on (a) the potential impact of IPV on mother-child relationships and child development and (b) the association between these mate...
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The main question examined is: How do nurses and other healthcare professionals ensure ethical interprofessional collaboration-in-practice as an everyday practice actuality? Ethical interprofessional collaboration becomes especially relevant and necessary when interprofessional practice decisions ar...
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Women living on rural Kenyan dairy farms spend significant amounts of time collecting wood for cooking. Biogas digesters, which generate biogas for cooking from the anaerobic decomposition of livestock manure, are an alternative fuel source. The objective of this study was to quantify the quality of...
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BACKGROUND: Within the preceptorship model of clinical teaching/learning, the creation of a cohesive relationship between a preceptor and a nursing student highly influences the overall success of the experience. Invariably, preceptors and students tend to be of different generations and as such, th...
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While pregnancy is a normal, transitional life event many women experience, the need exists for competent, holistic health care during this time in their lives. On Prince Edward Island, 90% of perinatal care is administered by obstetricians following a medical model of care; this is 30% greater than...
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Stroke is a leading cause of adult disability and mortality in Canada (Heart & Stroke Foundation, 2013). Over 75% of all strokes are initial strokes, the majority occurring in high-risk individuals with identifiable and modifiable risk factors. Proper interventions can reduce the risk of stroke by h...
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Hypertension is the leading risk factor for death and causes heart attacks, strokes, and kidney disease (Canadian Hypertension Education Program [CHEP], 2013; Heart & Stroke Foundation, 2012; Hypertension Canada, 2013). Over 21% of Islanders have been diagnosed with hypertension, and research indica...
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The success of the preceptorship approach to teaching-learning depends on the formation of positive working relationships. Preceptors and nursing students are frequently of different generations and often have differing world-views. A phenomenological study, guided by van Manen's approach, was condu...
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Biomass burning in indoor environments has been highlighted as a major cause of respiratory morbidity for women and children in low-income countries. Inexpensive technological innovations which reduce such exposures are needed. This study evaluated the impact of low tech compost digesters, which gen...
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The term evidence-based practice refers to the utilization of knowledge derived from research. Nursing practice, however, is not limited to clinical practice but also encompasses nursing education. It is, therefore, equally important that teaching preparation is derived from evidence also. The purpo...
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Research has shown that while preceptorship offers a reality-oriented learning environment and facilitates competence of students, there are inherent rewards and stressors associated with the experience. Students and preceptors can be from different generations, and as such, they may often come to t...