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A lymphocyte stimulation test using antigens of Corynebacterium equi was used to compare the response of peripheral blood lymphocytes from foals with C equi pneumonia with those of clinically normal foals and adult horses. The test clearly distinguished infected foals from normal foals when tested i...
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The author describes the effects on the prevalence of cattle trypanosomiasis of increasing cattle production in the sub-humid regions of southern Nigeria, and compares the results with infection levels in 1984 in northern Nigeria where Glossina and trypanosomiasis were being actively controlled. Inf...
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The phage typing and cultural characteristics of 574 strains of S. aureus of poultry origin in Australia were examined. With the avian phage set of Shimizu (1979) it was possible to type 74.2% of strains. A number of significant variations in the phage typing patterns of Australian strains compared ...
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Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) has adopted the term cyanosis to describe a category of condemnation for poultry that is dark but has no other condemnable lesions. Two case-control studies (n = 30 pairs; n = 65 pairs) of 18-wk-old tom turkeys were conducted. A case was defined as a carcass co...
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Cloacal and pharyngeal swabs from 100 tree-nesting Double-crested cormorant (DCC) chicks were examined by culture for commensal and potentially pathogenic bacteria. No Salmonella or Erysipelothrix were isolated from the cloacal swabs. Twenty-two cloacal swabs were positive for Campylobacter, of whic...
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Over a period of 9 yr, seven white-fronted geese (Anser albifrons) and one Canada goose (Branta canadensis) with multiple intramuscular mesenchymal tumors were encountered in Saskatchewan (Canada) and one similarly affected Canada goose was seen on Prince Edward Island (Canada). The tumors in these ...
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A disease resembling thiamine-responsive polioencephalomalacia of domestic ruminants is described in four wild pronghorn from Saskatchewan. One animal was found dead, two were recumbent and unable to rise and the fourth was staggering and ataxic. Lesions were confined to the brain and consisted of b...
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Temperatures above 20 degrees C or below 9 degrees C interrupt the life cycle of the gill intracellular microsporidian parasite L. salmonae prior to sporogony, inhibiting the production of xenomas. This study intended to characterize this life-cycle failure. Juvenile rainbow trout were experimentall...
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Long-term elution tailing of organic contaminants, often observed when water or air is used to flush contaminated porous media, has been attributed to several factors. Characterization of this tailing behaviour through the quantitative analysis of multiple coupled factors is necessary to enhance our...
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Pooled seminal plasma obtained from six bulls was tested for its immunosuppressive activities in vitro on blastogenesis of bovine lymphocytes. Lymphocyte stimulation assay and mixed lymphocyte reaction were used as test procedures. Concanavalin A and phytohemagglutinin were utilized in the lymphocyt...
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The effect of breed of chicken on infection with an arthrotropic avian reovirus (strain R2) was studied by oral or footpad inoculation of day-old chicks of the SPF light-hybrid, commercial White Leghorn egg-layer, and commercial Ross I broiler breeds, observed to 12 weeks of age. Although most inocu...
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288 mice were divided into four groups and exposed to aerosols of P. haemolytica or S. aureus in four replicates. The numbers of bacteria were determined in the trachea and lungs of mice killed 0, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours after exposure. Bacterial deposition was greater in lungs than in trac...
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Stunting syndrome is an enteric disease of young turkeys that results in reduced growth (stunting) of poults and impaired feed efficiency. A virus, which has been termed the stunting syndrome agent (SSA), causes stunting syndrome. In this study passive immunity was evaluated as a method of protectin...