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101 - 125 of 1537
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The prevalence of Giardia duodenalis, Cryptosporidium spp. and other intestinal parasites was determined in dogs <1 year old from Prince Edward Island, Canada. Fecal samples were collected from the local animal shelter (n=62), private veterinary clinics (n=78) and a pet store (n=69). Intestinal para...
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In North America, one of the largest traditional surviving fisheries involves the coldwater clawed American lobster Homarus americanus. However, post-harvest losses are conservatively estimated at 10-15%, representing an economic impact of $50-75 million annually. The mandate of the Lobster Health R...
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Topics discussed in this review include classification of viruses, virus structure, epidemiology of viral infections, cell-mediated and humoral response, viral pathogenicity, viral defences and the detection, treatment and prevention of viral diseases..
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Severe ulcerative, necrotizing bacterial dermatitis, panniculitis and myositis occurred in at least 6 Atlantic salmon cage sites in New Brunswick in 1990. Mortality was due to invasion by opportunistic bacteria, or osmotic failure due to excessive ulceration. Mortality up to 10% on individual cages ...
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Studies on the microanatomy of the mucus-rich biofilm surface of normal or damaged teleost skin tissue have been limited because conventional fixation regimes do not effectively retain mucus during tissue preparation. A non-aqueous fixation method, based on a technique devised to retain airway mucou...
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By cross hybridization with the mammalian growth-related protein, GAP-43, we have isolated several Drosophila cDNAs and genomic sequences. These sequences correspond to a single copy gene that encodes two developmentally regulated transcripts 2.4 and 2.0 kb in length. The predicted protein sequence ...
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Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha were experimentally infected per os with Loma salmonae and held in flow-through seawater tanks at 12 to 14 degrees C. The fish exhibited 100% infection when first examined at 7 wk post initial exposure (p.e.), and by 20 wk p.e. they had completely recovered fr...
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The susceptibility of a rodent-adapted strain of Trypanosoma vivax (Leeflant strain Y58) to Berenil, Samorin and Novidium was tested in mice. When infected mice were treated on the second day of detectable parasitaemia, there was complete cure with Berenil at 10 mg/kg, Novidium at 4 mg/kg and Samori...
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In 1989, an unidentified protistan parasite, QPX (Quahaug Parasite X), was found in quahaugs Mercenaria mercenaria (Linnaeus, 1758) from a hatchery on Prince Edward Island, Canada, which was suffering extensive mortalities. The parasite was identical to one reported from mass mortalities of wild pop...
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Four trials were performed to evaluate the effects of water temperature on critical aspects of L. salmonae development in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). The permissive water temperature range in which xenomas developed was between 9 degrees C and 20 degrees C. Parasite development was arrested...
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The development of the sarcocyst of Sarcocystis rauschorum in its intermediate host was studied. Lemmings were orally administered sporocysts of S. rauschorum obtained from snowy owls (Nyctea scandiaca). Beginning at 9 days postinoculation (DPI) and at various intervals to 84 DPI, skeletal muscle ti...
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Examination over a period of 72 hours from inoculation showed that lesions developed first in astrocytes. where nucleolar changes. the appearance of three types of inclusion bodies, virus antigen and virus particles preceded cell degeneration and virus release. Less numerous inclusions were found in...
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Electrolyte and urea levels of vitreous humor collected from bovine eyes at various times postmortem, were compared with serum levels in the same animals. Provided the vitreous humor was filtered immediately after collection, measured levels of total calcium (Ca), potassium ions (K+), sodium ions (N...
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In utero fetuses are evidently exposed to several factors that cause an interruption of the oxygen flow through the umbilical cord causing asphyxia leading to hypoxia and metabolic acidosis. These conditions are important causes of intra-partum and neonatal mortality. The main objective of this revi...
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Infertility has been considered a global public health problem in many countries worldwide. Our objective was to restore endocrine function and fertility in tubal-oophorectomized rabbits using an orthotopic tubal-ovarian vascularized autotransplant model as the anatomical-functional unit while emplo...
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Deaths from acute zinc intoxication occurred among sheep that passed through a foot bath containing 20% zinc sulphate in order to obtain water. Experimentally it was shown that as little as 8 oz of a 20% zinc sulphate solution could kill within 4 hours of ingestion..
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The lesions and etiologic agents associated with 13 outbreaks of respiratory disease in commercial chickens were investigated. Adenoviruses were isolated from tracheal and lung tissues of affected chickens in all 13 outbreaks. Escherichia coli was isolated from the lung of an occasional bird. The tr...
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Few microsporidia have been reported from whitefish species (subfamily Coregoninae). For the most part, these microsporidia have been incompletely described. In a survey of parasites of mountain whitefish Prosopium williamsoni collected from Kootenay Lake, British Columbia, we encountered an unusual...