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Differentiating salient histopathologic changes from normal anatomic features or tissue artifacts can be decidedly challenging, especially for the novice fish pathologist. As a consequence, findings of questionable accuracy may be reported inadvertently, and the potential negative impacts of publish...
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Cysts of the protozoan parasite Giardia have been detected in many bivalve shellfish species worldwide. The detection of zoonotic Giardia duodenalis assemblages A and B is of public health concern, yet there is limited data available demonstrating the bioaccumulation and elimination of Giardia cysts...
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Plastic pollution is widespread in the marine environment, and plastic ingestion by seabirds is now widely reported for dozens of species. Beached Northern Fulmars, Great Shearwaters, Sooty Shearwaters and Cory’s Shearwaters are found on Sable Island, Nova Scotia, Canada regularly, and they can be...
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Lepeophtheirus salmonis is a common parasite of salmonid fish and has a significant economic impact on Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fish farms. Over time L. salmonis has developed resistance to a number of chemotherapeutants, making the discovery of new treatments important to maintain a profitable...
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Evaluation of hepatopancreas (HP), pincher claw muscle (PCM), crusher claw muscle (CCM), and abdominal muscle (AM) lipid content in 86 recently caught, adult, male and female American lobsters, Homarus americanus, in the Northumberland Strait, PE, Canada, using the Folch method identified lipid as a...
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A cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence and distribution of Salmonella serotypes from apparently healthy slaughtered sheep and goats from November 2002 to May 2003 at Debre Zeit abattoir, Ethiopia. From a total of 107 slaughtered animals (60 goats and 47 sheep), 642 sample...
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An automated colorimetric method for determining lipase activity in canine sera was evaluated for precision, linearity and correlation to existing assay methods. The colorimetric method was a commercial reagent that used a series of enzymatic reactions based on the hydrolysis of 1,2 diglyceride by p...
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Three calves from a herd of beef cattle were examined because of disproportionate dwarfism and excessive extension of metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joints. Abnormalities had been noticed at birth, 1 to 6 days earlier. A thorough herd investigation revealed that 16 calves born to 70 mul...
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Peripheral blood lymphocytes, intraepithelial lymphocytes from the small intestine and lymphocytes from the thymus, spleen, mesenteric lymph nodes and Peyer's patches from 5 young adult pigs were used as effector cells in a spontaneous cell-mediated cytotoxicity chromium release assay against PK-15 ...
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Severe generalized degenerative myopathy was diagnosed in a population of captive bred satanic leaf-tailed geckoes (Uroplatus phantasticus). The diagnosis was based on characteristic histological changes and response to dietary therapy. This is the first reported case of nutritional myopathy in the ...
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OBJECTIVE: To determine the FIV status of Australian cats with lymphosarcoma and relate this to patient characteristics, tumour characteristics (tissue involvement, histological grade and immunophenotype), haematological and serum biochemical values and FeLV status of affected cats. DESIGN: Prospect...
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From winter 1997 to summer 1998, an epizootic of salmonellosis affected several species of songbirds over a large area of the eastern North American continent. This article describes the details of this epizootic in the Canadian Atlantic provinces, based on laboratory examination of dead affected bi...
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The potential for cross-transmission of Perkinsus karlssoni from bay scallops Argopecten irradians to various native Atlantic Canadian species of shellfish was investigated. Lateral proximal transmission was investigated whereby infected moribund bay scallops were maintained with uninfected individu...
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Background: The proportion of geriatric horses within the equine population has increased in the past decade, but there is limited information on the immune function of these animals. Hypothesis: Aged horses will have a lesser increase in serum antibody response to vaccination. Animals: Thirty-four ...
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In the summer of 1999, the incidence of Salmonella enterica serotype infantis infections in Alberta rose dramatically. Subsequent laboratory and epidemiological investigations established that an outbreak of human disease caused by this organism was occurring across Canada and was associated with pe...
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In a comparison of 2 formalin killed vaccines, SHAWOGEN using an isolate (AVC U-13220) of Vibrio anguillarum (serotype 2) isolated from cod, and a commercial vaccine (VIBROGEN-2) prepared from 3 isolates (2 V. anguillarum, and V. ordalii) the vaccines were given i.p. with mild anaesthesia, by sprayi...
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Effective methods of traceability are urgently required for use in research as well as in different types of aquaculture operations and to control trade in aquatic animals and products. In regard to the marking of fish, many different tagging methods have been described and the method to be used dep...
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The effects of the following six treatments against Loma salmonae, a microsporidian gill pathogen, were examined in rainbow trout: fumagillin (high dose), pyrimethamine + sulphaquinoxaline, albendazole, amprolium, fumagillin (low dose), and metronidazole. The fish were infected by mouth and the trea...
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Serum antibody titers to bovine respiratory syncytial virus were determined for 559 cattle. Serum samples were obtained through the Minnesota State-Federal Brucellosis Laboratory and were collected over a 1-year period. Results of this study revealed an antibody prevalence of 65.5% to bovine respira...