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A coarse-grained model for surfactant molecules adsorbed at a water surface is studied at zero temperature to elucidate ground-state tilt ordering. The surfactants are modeled as rigid rods composed of head and tail segments, where the tails consist of effective monomers representing methylene CH2 g...
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Electrical deactivation of arsenic in highly doped silicon has been studied using the positron-beam technique. Direct experimental evidence linking the formation of arsenic-vacancy complexes (i.e., As-n-v) to the deactivation process is reported. The average number of arsenic atoms per complex, (n) ...
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We use molecular dynamics simulations to study an entropy-driven collapse transition of a flexible polymer in a solvent. Monomers and solvent particles interact with a steeply repulsive soft-sphere potential. We consider a nonadditive potential system in which the effective diameter describing the s...
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The anisotropic intermolecular forces responsible for the orientational ordering in liquid crystals are probed by comparing Monte Carlo (MC) simulations with experimental nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) results for solutes in nematic liquid crystals. In a special liquid crystal mixture where all lo...
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In this paper we report on the electrical characterization of conductive polyaniline and its derivatives. Conductivity measurements were also performed on the intercalated phases formed by the encapsulation of the polymers into layered molybdenum disulfide. These measurements were performed using th...
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Event-driven molecular dynamics simulations are carried out on two rigid-body systems which differ in the symmetry of their molecular mass distributions. First, simulations of methane in which the molecules interact via discontinuous potentials are compared with simulations in which the molecules in...
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Positron annihilation spectra of arsenic- and gold-implanted silicon are compared:with spectra from bulk samples of arsenic and gold. Spectra with strongly reduced background intensities were recorded using a two detector coincidence system with a variable-energy positron beam. It is shown that feat...
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Deuterium nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra and spin-lattice relaxation times were determined in order to study the dynamics of t-butyl groups in butylated hydroxytoluene. The results are consistent with a model first proposed by Beckmann et al. [J. Magn. Reson. 36, 199 (1979)], where there i...
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Frequency-domain correlation and spectral analysis photothermoacoustic (FD-PTA) imaging is a promising new technique, which is being developed to detect tumor masses in turbid biological tissue. Unlike conventional biomedical photoacoustics which uses time-of-flight acoustic information induced by a...
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Deuterium NMR spectra for solid [H-2(9)]tris(trimethylsilyl)amine were recorded at 77 K and in the region 114-353 K. At 77 K there is only fast rotation of the methyl groups. Between 122 and 171 K rotation of the trimethylsilyl groups and of the entire molecule (about its C3 axis) affect the deuteri...
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Coarse-grained models that preserve hydrodynamics provide a natural approach to study collective properties of soft-matter systems. Here, we demonstrate that commonly used integration schemes in dissipative particle dynamics give rise to pronounced artifacts in physical quantities such as the compre...
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We study the equilibrium behavior and dynamics of a polymer collapse transition for a system composed of a short Lennard-Jones (LJ) chain immersed in a LJ solvent for solvent densities in the range of rho=0.6-0.9 (in LJ reduced units). The monomer hydrophobicity is quantified by a parameter lambdais...
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A novel scanning tunneling microscope (STM) is described which is constructed almost entirely of one metal e.g. aluminum and uses bimorph piezoelectric disks as the x, y, z drive elements. The design uses a simple, rugged tripod configuration for the fine motion drive arms. Coarse motion of the samp...
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Room temperature Fe-57 Mossbauer effect measurements of the one- and two-dimensional quasicrystalline phases of Al75Pd15Fe10 are reported. Both materials show Mossbauer spectra with asymmetric doublets which have been analyzed in terms of a distribution of quadrupole splittings, and in terms of a di...
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Interstitial laser photocoagulation (ILP) was performed in vitro in lean bovine and chicken muscle by delivering 1.6 W of continuous-wave Nd:YAG laser energy (1064 nm) from a 400-mum core optical fiber for 300s. The resulting thermal coagulation lesion was consistently larger when the delivered ener...
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