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Researchers have been examining barriers and challenges for women in leadership positions from a variety of perspectives since the 1980's when the "glass ceiling" concept was coined. More recently researchers have been examining whether women are being placed in precarious leadership positions. Rya...
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Computers and the Internet have revolutionized communication and information sharing, which is having a significant impact on education. As technologies continue to evolve, traditional post-secondary institutions, such as Holland College, are faced with the challenge of adapting curriculum and de...
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Fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) is a communications technology that provides a multitude of applications and services over a single fiber optic network. These include basic services such as telephone, internet and television, and more advanced applications like tele-medicine, tele-working, smart grid power...
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Genetically Modified (GM) crops represent both an opportunity and a controversial risk for many farmers. Public perceptions have been shaped by a handful of high profile studies which were circulated by various media groups and activists in the early days of commercialization. While some regions ...
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Recruitment and retention of agricultural workers was identified by the Prince Edward Island Agricultural Sector Council in 2007 as a major issue facing the Prince Edward Island (PEI) agricultural industry. Although there have been numerous studies on the supply and demand for agricultural workers,...
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With an increasing number of post-secondary courses now maintaining a web presence, students are able to view course material from anywhere and at any time. While students generally prefer to access and submit material online, they also prefer to print what they are accessing for study purposes. ...
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Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) represent a key driver of economic prosperity in Prince Edward Island. Local SME owners also represent an aging demographic group, and the need to facilitate the successful transition to a new generation of SME owners is recognized as a major local econom...
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Deficiencies in a number of key human resource-related areas have been identified as potential threats to the Canadian biotechnology sector's success. Given its importance as an emerging industry and, its pressing needs relative to leadership and human resource (HR) practice development, the biotech...
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The bulk of research on expatriate assignments has been focused on traditional expatriate assignments which typically involves a timeframe of over a year or more. Research has shown that the traditional expatriate assignments are plagued by high costs, high failure rates, and low rates of retention....
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The corporate governance of Crown Corporations first became a topic of common discussion in 2003 with the Sponsorship scandal whereby Government institutions were implicated in failing to respect the parliamentary appropriations process and in failing to comply with Government contracting policies a...
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Employee engagement has become an important measure of employee performance and it has been linked to higher overall firm performance outcomes. Studies have shown that employee engagement may be impacted by both organizational culture and ethical workplace climate. For example, organizational cultur...
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Workplace bullying is costing organizations millions if not more each year. The costs associated with workplace bullying come from loss of productivity, legal settlements and loss of good employees who have been bullied and chose to leave the organization. Workplace bullying has negative effects on ...
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Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are becoming more and more common practice in business, but have varied results. M&As are at the forefront in the biotech industry as firms look at ways to increase their pipeline or grow sales to improve shareholder value. Since R&D expenditures among biotech firms is...
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Executive Summary: Globally, aquaculture continues to be the fastest-growing animal-derived food producing sector. It has an average annual growth rate of 8.2% between 2004 and 2009 and is expected to outpace the capture fisheries and the demand increase for fish by the human population growth. The ...
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A localized study, focused on Prince Edward Island, Canada, compiled to assist with determining social, economic and technological readiness for electric vehicles and the related infrastructure. The study used both a Christensen based disruptive technology framework approach and traditional marketin...
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Despite the fact that women constitute almost one-half of the current workforce and comprise the majority of university graduates, senior management positions continue to be filled predominately by men. Although there are many reasons for this situation, one barrier in particular influences the abil...
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Psychological harassment in the workplace comes in a number of forms, from sexual harassment to workplace bullying. No matter what the situation in which these destructive actions are manifested, it is always based on an instigators need for power and control (Lockwood, Rosenthal & Budjnaovcanin, 20...
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International student populations have been growing in Prince Edward Island over the past number of years. With declining population and demographic issues looming over Atlantic Canada, international students, with their high degree of acculturation and local credentials, provide an excellent source...
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The agriculture and agri-food sectors of Prince Edward Island (PEI) account for half of all exports sold (Appendix A). Increasingly, farms are diversifying to capture the growing demand for natural food products worldwide. Globally, this consumer segment is increasing by 20% annually on average (Agr...
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The growth the mobile app industry has seen since its introduction in 2008 has been drastic. The industry saw revenues of over $8 billion in 2011 and is expected to have revenues of over $46 billion by 2016. Yet, with all the success the industry has experienced, limited research has been conducted ...
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The movement towards knowledge-based societies makes human capital a critical success factor for sustained growth and development. Thus, Canada utilizes its immigration initiatives as tools for nation-building and talent acquisition. Poor domestic growth rate, steady decline in working age populatio...
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As one of six revenue generating centers at the Atlantic Veterinary College (AVC), the Veterinary Teaching Hospital (VTH) continues to look for ways to better serve its customers and thus increase its financial viability. With over half of all cases seen by the VTH being referred by Atlantic Canada...
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Primary healthcare is a grave topic of conversation for all Canadians and is particularly so for politicians given that in 2014 the health accord that sets the funding and health service delivery agreement between the Federal and Provincial Governments is due for renewal. This paper sets out to revi...