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Approximately 8 weeks after a chlorine insult associated with the city water supply, shortnose sturgeon, Acipenser brevirostrum (L.), from one group presented with small (3-4 mm) irregular foci of cutaneous pallor that involved the dorsocranial integument with progressive ulceration of the nascent l...
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Filamentous black yeasts from the genus Exophiala are ubiquitous, opportunistic pathogens causing both superficial and systemic mycoses in warm- and cold-blooded animals. Infections by black yeasts have been reported relatively frequently in a variety of captive and farmed freshwater and marine fish...
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In this study the involvement of several humoral immune parameters of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) were studied in granuloma formed as a result of infection by Aeromonas salmonicida ssp. achomogenes. The results showed a clear association of immune parameters within the granuloma, in particular th...
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Lepeophtheirus salmonis infections in Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, have been characterized by little to no hyperplastic response and a biphasic immune response that results in chronic inflammation with tissue repair as the infection progresses. We hypothesized that CpG administration with prior lic...
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Sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) are the most economically important ectoparasites affecting Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) culture worldwide. In recent years the efficacy of historically successful treatments has been on the decline. As such, a new management strategy for controlling lice infectio...
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Finfish nodaviruses (betanodaviruses) can cause highly destructive infections in numerous species of farmed marine fish larvae and juveniles worldwide. The betanodavirus genome consists of two single-stranded positive-sense RNA molecules (RNA1 and RNA2). The virus can be classified into four genotyp...
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Utilization of finfish and aquatic invertebrates in biomedical research and as environmental sentinels has grown dramatically in recent decades. Likewise the aquaculture of finfish and invertebrates has expanded rapidly worldwide as populations of some aquatic food species and threatened or endanger...
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BACKGROUND: Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) is a viral disease of marine-farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) caused by ISA virus (ISAV), which belongs to the genus Isavirus, family Orthomyxoviridae. The virus is considered to be carried by marine wild fish and for over 25 years has caused major dis...
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BACKGROUND: Infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) virus (ISAV), which causes ISA in marine-farmed Atlantic salmon, is an orthomyxovirus belonging to the genus Isavirus, family Orthomyxoviridae. ISAV agglutinates erythrocytes of several fish species and it is generally accepted that the ISAV receptor destr...
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In the present study the pathogenesis of experimental infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) infection in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1972) and Atlantic salmon Salmo salar was compared. The virus infection in the 2 species demonstrated different mortality patterns and pathology chara...
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The consequences of high (735 copepodids fish-1) and low (243 copepodids fish-1) level exposures of size-matched juvenile pink and chum salmon to Lepeophtheirus salmonis copepodids were examined. At both levels of exposure the prevalence and abundance of L. salmonis was significantly higher on chum ...
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A massive fish kill affecting exclusively common carp (Cyprinus carpio carpio) in the St. Lawrence River, Quebec, Canada, during the summer of 2001 was investigated by use of laboratory diagnostic methods and by an attempt to experimentally induce the disease. The ultimate causes of mortality were o...
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Prolonged starvation resulting in sublethal condition factor values was hypothesized to have a detrimental effect on short-term growth capacity upon refeeding. Cod (Gadus morhua) were food-deprived and their length and mass measured before refeeding and after 3, 6, 9 and 12 weeks of ad libitum feedi...
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The phenotypic correlates of pathogenicity for Infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) in salmonid fishes have not been thoroughly studied to date. In this study, a comparison was made of 13 different strains of ISAV, isolated from different geographical regions between 1997 and 2004, for their infect...
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This case report provides pathologic and confirmatory molecular characterization of an outbreak of bumper car disease caused by the scuticociliate Anophryoides haemophila in American lobster Homarus americanus, from a commercial holding facility in Nova Scotia, Canada. Although sporadically and anec...
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We have studied the replication of virus in tissues and development of lesions associated with infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) infection in Atlantic salmon using in situ hybridization (ISH) with a riboprobe targeting ISAV RNA segment 7 messenger RNA. Fish were infected with three ISAV isolates...
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A systemic infection of a Rickettsia-like organism (RLO) in cultured sea bass is described for the first time. In hatcheries, clinical signs were lethargy, inappetence and discoloration. Twenty days after transfer to sea cages from hatcheries where the disease existed, fish showed erratic and abnorm...
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Current understanding of the etiopathogenesis of infectious salmon anemia (ISA) virus (ISAV) infection in fish comes mostly from virus detection in homogenized tissues taken from ISA-suspected mortalities. This study combined in situ hybridization (ISH) and histology to demonstrate viral RNA transcr...
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Infection by a microsporidian of the genus Loma was found in gills of cod Gadus morhua. Xenomas contained parasites in multiple stages of development. Some spores looked empty and had everted polar tubes, which were either straight or coiled. These polar tubes were scattered throughout the xenoma cy...
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Infectious salmon anaemia virus (ISAV) is a member of the family Orthomyxoviridae. Hybridization using riboprobes of segments 6 and 8 and histology were combined in situ to demonstrate the tissues that harbour ISAV during the clinical phase of ISAV infection in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) The c...
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The cause of death in a postsmolt, Atlantic salmon population with elevated levels of mortalities was investigated. Diagnosis of a rickettsia-like organism was based on gross pathology, histopathology, differential staining, electron microscopy and fluorescent antibody tests. The course of the infec...