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Radiance spectroscopy was applied to the interstitial detection of localized inclusions containing Au nanocages or nanorods with various concentrations embedded in porcine muscle phantoms. The radiance was quantified using a perturbation approach, which enabled the separation of contributions from t...
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We demonstrated the application of relative radiance-based continuous wave (cw) measurements for recovering absorption and scattering properties (the effective attenuation coefficient, the diffusion coefficient, the absorption coefficient and the reduced scattering coefficient) of bulk porcine muscl...
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One of the major limitations of the use of optoacoustics (OA) for the imaging of prostate cancer is the relatively low resolution when performed in real time. The work presented in this thesis aims to address this limitation by applying frequency-based analyses, which contribute additional informati...
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Optoacoustic (OA) imaging was employed to distinguish normal from neoplastic tissues in a transgenic murine model of prostate cancer. OA images of five tumor-bearing mice and five age-matched controls across a 14 mm × 14 mm region of interest (ROI) on the lower abdomen were acquired using a reverse...
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The canine prostate is a close match for the human prostate and is used in research of prostate cancers. Determining accurately optical absorption and scattering properties of the gland in a wide spectral range (preferably in a minimally invasive way), linking optical properties to concentrations of...
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We analyze a role of a localized inclusion as a probe for spatial distributions of migrating photons in turbid media. We present new experimental data and two-dimensional analysis of radiance detection of a localized absorptive inclusion formed by gold nanoparticles in Intralipid-1% when the target ...
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Laser thermal therapy involves heating tissue using light to temperatures between 55 °C and 95 °C for several minutes resulting in coagulation and cell death. This treatment method has been under investigation for use as a minimally invasive method for treating solid tumors and cancer cells. Heati...
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We present a new method for extracting the effective attenuation coefficient and the diffusion coefficient from relative spectrally resolved cw radiance measurements using the diffusion approximation. The method is validated on both simulated and experimental radiance data sets using Intralipid-1% a...
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We have applied an interstitial radiance-based technique based on a spectro-angular mapping approach to the identification and angular localization of 250-nm and 5-nm Au nanoparticle-based inclusions and non-scattering (water only) inclusions in the Intralipid-1% liquid phantom. A combination of the...
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Detection of non-scattering domains (voids) is an area of active research in biomedical optics. To avoid complexities of image reconstruction algorithms and requirements of a priori knowledge of void locations inherent to diffuse optical tomography (DOT), it would be useful to establish specific exp...
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We present a new approach to the analysis of radiance in turbid media. The approach combines data from spectral, angular and spatial domains in a form of spectro-angular maps. Mapping provides a unique way to visualize details of light distribution in turbid media and allows tracking changes with di...
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The interferometric measurement of laser induced thermoelastic expansion of tissue samples can be used to estimate their optical, thermal and mechanical properties. This method was used to assess the Gruneisen coefficient and optical attenuation depth for native and coagulated ex-vivo bovine liver a...
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Background: We have developed a new approach to map localized inclusions of gold nanoparticles in the Intralipid-1% liquid phantom. Our goal was to show that combined spectroscopic and angular snapshots of liquid phantoms and phantoms with inclusions allow obtaining information relevant for prostate...
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Optoacoustic imaging is being investigated as a potential tool for monitoring the onset and progression of laser thermal therapy. In this study OA images were acquired from ex vivo bovine liver using a reverse-mode OA imaging system consisting of a pulsed laser operating at 775 nm, and an 8 element ...
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Interstitial fiber-optic based strategies for therapy monitoring and assessment rely on detecting treatment-induced changes in the light distribution in biological tissues. We present an optical technique to identify spectrally and spatially specific tissue chromophores in highly scattering turbid m...
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Interstitial fiber-optic-based approaches used in both diagnostic and therapeutic applications rely on localized light-tissue interactions. We present an optical technique to identify spectrally and spatially specific exogenous chromophores in highly scattering turbid media. Point radiance spectrosc...
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Photoacoustic (or more precisely, photothermoacoustic) signals are generated by the absorption of photons, expressed as acoustic waves, and can be related to the incident laser fluence rate. Here a calibration procedure for frequency domain (FD) photoacoustics is presented which utilizes the relatio...
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Photoacoustic (more precisely, photothermoacoustic) signals generated by the absorption of photons can be related to the incident laser fluence rate. The dependence of frequency domain photoacoustic (FD-PA) signals on the optical absorption coefficient (mu(a)) and the effective attenuation coefficie...
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Interstitial quantification of the optical properties of tissue is important in biomedicine for both treatment planning of minimally invasive laser therapies and optical spectroscopic characterization of tissues, for example, prostate cancer. In a previous study, we analyzed a method first demonstra...
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In an effort to understand dynamic optical changes during laser interstitial thermal therapy ( LITT), we utilize the perturbative solution of the diffusion equation in heterogeneous media to formulate scattering weight functions for cylindrical line sources. The analysis explicitly shows how changes...
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Motivated by a recent report by Dickey et al. [Phys. Med. Biol. 46, 2359 (2001)], who demonstrated optical property retrieval by using relative radiance measurements at a single position, we investigate the uniqueness of relative radiance measurements for quantifying the optical properties of turbid...