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This study evaluated the use of bulk milk as a diagnostic tool for estimation of herd-level Neospora caninum exposure in Atlantic Canada; it was used to estimate the prevalence of dairy farms with a within-herd N. caninum-seroprevalence > or = 15% in Prince Edward Island (PEI). The variation over ti...
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With regard to BHV1 eradication programs in cattle it is important to know whether sheep can be a reservoir of BHV1. We therefore performed an experiment that consisted of three phases. In phase 1, 10 sheep were inoculated with high doses of BHV1 and kept in close contact with 5 sheep and 5 calves. ...
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Eighteen dairy herds with neosporosis-associated abortions were analysed for antibodies against Neospora caninum. Blood samples of all cows, heifers and calves were collected on the same day for each farm. A total of 2430 heads of cattle were examined. For each herd, the seropositive and seronegativ...
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Staphylococcus aureus is an important cause of udder infections in dairy herds. Both lactational and dry cow therapy are part of Staph. aureus control programs. Reported cure rates for Staph. aureus mastitis vary considerably. The probability of cure depends on cow, pathogen, and treatment factors. ...
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This study was motivated by the hypothesis that the incidence of retained placenta (RP) in Friesian horses is associated with inbreeding. The objectives were to 1) calculate the inbreeding rate in the total registered Friesian horse population; 2) study the association of the inbreeding coefficient ...
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Sixteen dairy cows with chronic puerperal endometritis between 3 and 8 weeks post partum were treated with intra-uterine applied oxytetracycline (OTC) and lugol. OTC was rapidly removed from plasma and was not detectable after 48 hours. The concentration of OTC in milk did not exceed 40 micrograms/k...
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In this study, we examined whether an experimental bovine herpesvirus 4 (BHV4) infection can induce bovine mastitis, or can enhance bovine mastitis induced by Streptococcus uberis (S. uberis). Four lactating cows were inoculated intramammarily and intranasally with BHV4, and four lactating control c...
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A population-based historical cohort study design was used to investigate the effects of a cesarean section on calf mortality, fertility, milk production and culling on 35 Dutch dairy farms. The data were collected during a routine herd health and production control program. Cows undergoing a cesare...
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This study was designed to identify risk factors for intramammary infections with Streptococcus uberis and Staphylococcus aureus under field conditions. An 18-mo survey with sampling of all quarters of all lactating cows at 3-wk intervals was carried out in three Dutch dairy herds with medium bulk m...
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The incidence of clinical mastitis in dairy cows was estimated in 171 randomly selected dairy herds from the southern part of The Netherlands. A total of 1103 quarter cases was reported. The mean annual incidence rate was 12.7 quarter cases/yr per 100 cows. The modeling incidence rate of clinical ma...
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Genetic parameters were estimated for clinical mastitis (CM) and four traits for somatic cell count (SCC) based on patterns in consecutive test-day records. Data, spanning 3 years (1992-94), came from 274 Dutch herds and contained 24 030 lactations of 19 750 cows, with 3399 cases of CM. Phenotypic r...
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An induced outbreak of a bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV1) infection in a dairy herd is described. The outbreak was induced by injecting three BHV1 seropositive cows with dexamethasone. Within 7 weeks all seronegative cows had seroconverted. Also some seropositive animals showed a significant increase in ...
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P. aeruginosa was present in 0.29% of 11 836 milk samples from cows with mastitis, tested in the Netherlands during the first half of 1997. Acute, severe mastitis occurring in 6 herds after drying-off was traced to inadvertent contamination of teat wipes with P. aeruginosa..
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Data from 274 Dutch herds recording clinical mastitis (CM) over an 18-mo period were used to investigate the effect of pathogen-specific CM on the lactation curve for somatic cell count (SCC). Analyzed pathogens were Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase-negative staphylococci, Escherichia coli, Streptoc...
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One hundred and fifty-nine cases of clinical Staphylococcus aureus mastitis were analyzed to detect factors associated with bacteriological cure after therapy. On 100 Dutch dairy farms, data were collected from four clinical trials with five intramammary treatment regimes designed to treat beta-lact...
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OBJECTIVES: To determine whether vaccination with a killed vaccine prevents fecal shedding of Mycobacterium avium subsp paratuberculosis, to compare effectiveness of a culture and cull program in vaccinated and nonvaccinated herds, and to compare paratuberculosis-related preventive management in vac...
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Treatment of clinical and sub-clinical mastitis due to Escherichia coli, Streptococcus and Staphylococcus aureus, is discussed..
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Herd-specific mastitis control programmes are based on the continuous monitoring of primary parameters, of which the bulk milk somatic cell count and the distribution of pathogens responsible for clinical and subclinical mastitis are the most important ones. When a mastitis control programme is star...
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'Chronic wasting' in cattle acquired a special meaning in the Netherlands in 1999. It was used to define animal health problems that were thought to be associated with the use of bovine herpesvirus 1 marker vaccine. Criteria have not been set by which an objectively independent inventory of the prob...
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Thirty cows were studied during the first six milkings after calving. Quarter foremilk samples were collected by the farmers at calving and at six subsequent milkings. Geometric-mean somatic cell count (SCC) decreased from 593,000 at calving to 126,000 cells/ml at the sixth milking after calving. In...
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A closed farming system may prevent the introduction of infectious diseases on to dairy farms and could be a good starting point for the eradication of these diseases. In order to introduce a closed farming system, farmers need to be made aware of how these diseases are introduced into the herd. Far...
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Incidence of clinical mastitis was studied in 274 herds grouped in three categories by bulk milk somatic cell count (SCC). Mean incidence rate of clinical mastitis was 0.278, 0.257, and 0.252 cases per 365 cow-days at risk in herds with low (< or = 150,000), medium (150,000 to 250,000), and high ...