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The purpose of this paper is to investigate the high rate of seroconversion for Neospora caninum in a dairy herd. Forty-five of 95 (47%) of the seronegative animals seroconverted within a period of 6 months. Seropositive animals were not equally distributed among age-groups. A high seroprevalence ag...
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An ordinary differential equation model was developed to simulate dynamics of Staphylococcus aureus mastitis. Data to estimate model parameters were obtained from an 18-month observational study in three commercial dairy herds. A deterministic simulation model was constructed to estimate values of t...
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Acquiring new knowledge and techniques by dairy farmers is critical to controlling mastitis. The Canadian Bovine Mastitis Research Network is a unique partnership that aims to advance mastitis control through integrated mastitis research and transfer. The Canadian dairy industry and 42 researchers i...
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An outbreak of Streptococcus uberis mastitis was described to gain insight into the dynamics of Strep. uberis infections at a herd level. Data were obtained from a longitudinal observational study on a commercial Dutch dairy farm with good udder health management. Quarter milk samples for bacteriolo...
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Monitoring of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in bacteria has clinical and public health significance. The present study determined prevalence of AMR in common mastitis pathogens Staphylococcus aureus, including methicillin-resistant Staph. aureus (MRSA; n=1,810), Escherichia coli (n=394), and Klebsi...
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Antimicrobial use (AMU) data are critical for formulating policies for containing antimicrobial resistance. The present study determined AMU on Canadian dairy farms and characterized variation in AMU based on herd-level factors such as milk production, somatic cell count, herd size, geographic regio...
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38 bovine mammary Staphylococcus aureus isolates from diverse clinical, temporal and geographical origins were genotyped by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) after SmaI digestion of prokaryotic DNA and by means of binary typing using 15 strain-specific DNA probes. Seven pulsed-field types and ...
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Associations were estimated between pathogen-specific cases of clinical mastitis (CM) and somatic cell count (SCC) patterns based on deviations from the typical curve for SCC during lactation and compared with associations between pathogen-specific CM and lactation average SCC. Data from 274 Dutch h...
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Associations between clinical mastitis (CM) and the proportional distribution of patterns in somatic cell count (SCC) on a herd level were determined in this study. Data on CM and SCC over a 12-month period from 274 Dutch herds were used. The dataset contained parts of 29,719 lactations from 22,955 ...
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Dutch dairy herds closed for at least 3 years with no history of paratuberculosis were recruited for a study on herd-certification. One hundred dairy herds were tested for Mycobacterium paratuberculosis at 6-month intervals by pooled faecal culture (five individual animal samples per pool) with soli...
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To examine the development of teat end callosity thickness and roughness in early lactation and to quantify cow factors of interest, a system to classify teat end condition was developed. A distinction was made between rough and smooth rings around the teat orifice. In addition, a classification of ...
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A longitudinal observational study (18 months) was carried out in two Dutch dairy herds to explore clinical, epidemiological and molecular characteristics of Streptococcus uberis mastitis. Infections (n = 84) were detected in 70 quarters of 46 cows. Bacterial isolates were characterized at strain le...
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Staphylococcus aureus isolates (n = 225) from bovine teat skin, human skin, milking equipment, and bovine milk were fingerprinted by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). Strains were compared to assess the role of skin and milking equipment as sources of S. aureus mastitis. PFGE of SmaI-digested...
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This study analysed the effects of the use of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV1) marker vaccine on the performance of dairy cattle. In Spring of 1999, vaccination of 12 herds with the BHV1 marker vaccine resulted in severe animal health problems and mortality. The vaccines used on these farms were all from...
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This study was designed to identify risk factors for intramammary infections with Streptococcus uberis and Staphylococcus aureus under field conditions. An 18-mo survey with sampling of all quarters of all lactating cows at 3-wk intervals was carried out in three Dutch dairy herds with medium bulk m...
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Fecal samples from 733 cows in 11 dairy herds with a low prevalence of paratuberculosis were cultured for the presence of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis both individually and after combining (pooling) in groups of 5. The culture procedure was the modified Jorgensen method, which uses Na...
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Sixteen dairy cows with chronic puerperal endometritis between 3 and 8 weeks post partum were treated with intra-uterine applied oxytetracycline (OTC) and lugol. OTC was rapidly removed from plasma and was not detectable after 48 hours. The concentration of OTC in milk did not exceed 40 micrograms/k...
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An experiment was carried out to determine whether bovine colostrum or placenta could be a source of infection of Neospora caninum for dogs. For this purpose, two dogs were fed bovine colostrum to which culture-derived N. caninum tachyzoites were added and two other dogs were fed placental cotyledon...
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Oxytetracycline hydrochloride (2 g) or Lugol's iodine solution (100 ml) were infused into the uterus of 16 cows with chronic puerperal endometritis. Oxytetracycline disappeared from blood plasma by 18 h after infusion. The concentration in milk did not exceed 40 mu g/kg (compared with the maximum pe...
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The effect of cobalt supplementation on serum vitamin B12, growth rate and survival rate was measured in controlled field experiments with Texel twin lambs of the same sex, grazing cobalt-deficient pastures. The non-supplemented lambs had lower serum vitamin B12 concentrations than their supplemente...