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Neoparamoeba pemaquidensis is an ubiquitous amphizoic marine protozoan and has been implicated as the causative agent for several diseases in marine organisms, most notably amoebic gill disease (AGD) in Atlantic salmon. Despite several reports on the pathology of AGD, relatively little is known abou...
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A coccidian of the genus Pseudoklossia Leger and Duboscq, 1915 (Apicomplexa) occurs in the kidneys of abalone, Haliotis spp. (Mollusca), throughout waters off California. Parasites are often numerous in renal tissues, and developmental stages include oocysts, macrogametes, microgametocytes, and mero...
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Isolation and purification of the trophozoite and schizont stages of the protozoan Perkinsus karlssoni , a parasite affecting Argopecten irradians , was achieved by macerating infected host tissue. Prior culture of infected tissue in fluid thioglycollate medium was unnecessary either for detecting P...
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Eimeria bubonis n.sp. and Caryospora bubonis n.sp. both from Bubo virginianus from Saskatchewan, Canada, are described. E. bubonis differs from E. speotytoi and E. strigis in having shorter and narrower sporulated oocysts (22.8 plus or minus 2.7 mu m long and 21.7 plus or minus 2.4 mu m wide) with a...
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In further laboratory studies in Canada [see preceding abstract], 12 h after infection 1st-stage larvae of Diplotriaena tricuspis had hatched, penetrated the gut wall, and entered the fat-body of the grasshopper Melanoplus sanguinipes (F.) and the locust Schistocerca gregaria (Forsk.). Capsule devel...
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Three B. virginianus were each inoculated orally with 1.0 X 104 sporulated oocysts of E. bubonis and 3 were each fed 2 mice which had been previously intubated with sporulated oocysts of E. bubonis. In the directly infected owls the prepatent period was 5 to 6 days and the patent period was 4 and 6 ...
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Crows (Corvus brachyrhynchos) were experimentally infected with Diplotriaena tricuspis (50 to 530 larvae/bird) and killed at intervals from 4 to 291 days afterwards. The larvae caused traumatic lesions during their movements through the hepatic portal system. Giant cell granulomata surrounded dead n...
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Sporocysts of Sarcocystis were recovered from the intestinal mucosa of A. acadicus from Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, USA. Sporocysts measured 12.0 x 9.7 micro m (9.6-14.0 x 8.0-12.0 micro m; n = 100). Doses of 0, 500, and 2500 sporocysts were administered orally to 5 P. maniculatus and 5 Swis...
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Lasalocid and pyrimethamine was administered to American lobsters infected with A. haemophila. Lasalocid was found to be toxic and acute mortality was observed, when administered in vivo in both infected and uninfected lobsters. Pyrimethamine was found very efficient to treat these ciliates at repea...
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This study describes the sequential formation of lesions associated with the endogenous development of Sarcocystis rauschorum (Apicomplexa: Sarcocystidae) in varying lemmings, Dicrostonyx richardsoni. Lethal doses of sporocysts (greater than 500) were orally administered to lemmings examined 1-6 day...
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The American lobster fishery is a significant economic driver in coastal communities of North America. Increasingly, the impacts of infectious disease are recognized as important components and factors in the population ecology and subsequent management of the lobster fishery. Both environmental and...
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Shell disease is a major threat to the American lobster ( Homarus americanus, Milne Edwards) fishery. Here we describe the composition of microbial communities associated with lesions of 2 forms of shell disease in Atlantic Canada, ( i) a trauma shell disease (TSD) characterized by massive lesions a...
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The Canadian lobster industry holds lobsters Homarus americanus in captivity for various periods to supply markets with live product year-round. Mortality during holding results in considerable losses, estimated at 10 to 15 % yr(-1) by the industry. This study examined the prevalence of Anophryoides...
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Studies were undertaken to monitor for the presence of Borrelia burgdorferi, the etiologic agent of Lyme disease, on Prince Edward Island, Canada. Gut contents were removed for culturing from seven engorged ticks collected in 1991-1992 including five Ixodes dammini (Spielman, Clifford, Piesman &...
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Hemocytes of the American lobster (Homarus americanus H. Milne Edwards) were classified after examination of Wright-Giemsa stained cytocentrifuge preparations by brightfield light microscopy. Eleven hemocyte types were identified using morphologic criteria. The classification system was then used to...
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A genomic library of Sarcocystis cruzi sporozoite DNA was constructed in bacteriophage lambda gt10. Recombinant phages containing insert DNA were selected by growth on Escherichia coli strain C600 hflA150. Of 14 clones examined, 11 contained DNA inserts ranging in size from approximately 1.45 kiloba...
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Visceral and systemic infection with a Dermocystidium -like organism was diagnosed recently in post-seawater entry smolts of Atlantic salmon farmed in the Bay of Fundy. In late summer and early fall, young fish developed "black smolt" disease, characterized by anorexia, lethargy and black skin. Para...
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We have performed a genomic characterization of a kinetoplastid protist living within the amoebozoan Neoparamoeba pemaquidensis. The genome of this "Ichthyobodo-related organism" was found to be unexpectedly large, with at least 11 chromosomes between 1.0 and 3.5 Mbp and a total genome size of at le...
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This case report provides pathologic and confirmatory molecular characterization of an outbreak of bumper car disease caused by the scuticociliate Anophryoides haemophila in American lobster Homarus americanus, from a commercial holding facility in Nova Scotia, Canada. Although sporadically and anec...
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Sporozoites of S. hirsuta, although they also penetrated into bovine monocytes, developed to the schizogonous phase only in bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells. Schizonts were evident from 14 days after sporozoite inoculation (DAI) and persisted to 62 DAI, when experiments were terminated. Mer...
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Spores identified as Myxobolus neurobius were found in head homogenates of both wild young Atlantic salmon Salmo salar and Arctic char Salvelinus alpinus . Formalin-preserved spores from Atlantic salmon measured an average of 12.9 x 9.4 mu m and contained two polar capsules that measured 6.4 x 2.9 m...