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The effects of elevated dietary calcium (as CaCO sub(3)) and acute waterborne Cd exposure (50 mu g/l) on whole body uptake, tissue uptake, and internal distribution of newly accumulated Cd, Ca super(2+), and Na super(+) in juvenile rainbow trout were examined. Fish were fed with three diets (mg Ca s...
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The effects of commercial dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in moderating accumulation, biochemical responses and toxicity of a waterborne mixture of copper (Cu), cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn) were investigated during a chronic exposure. Juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to a terna...
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Juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were exposed to 11 (control), 300 (medium), and 1000 mug Cu.g(1) (high) (as CuSO(4)5H(2)O) in the diet for 28 days at a daily ration of 4% wet body weight, with a background waterborne Cu concentration of 3 mug.L-1. There was no effect of dietary Cu on gr...
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Exploitation of natural mineral deposits and subsequent re-deposition in aquatic environments at levels potentially harmful to biota necessitate regulation of environmental discharge of metals. Proper environmental regulation of metals requires adequate knowledge on the bioavailability and effects o...
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Ecological risk assessment (ERA) of inorganic metals and metalloids (metals) must be specific to these substances and cannot be generic because most metals arc naturally occurring, some are essential, speciation affects bioavailability, and bioavailability is determined by both external environmenta...
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Non-essential metals such as cadmium (Cd) accumulated in animal cells are envisaged to partition into potentially metal-sensitive compartments when detoxification capacity is exceeded. An understanding of intracellular metal partitioning is therefore important in delineation of the toxicologically r...
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The thermostability of haemoglobin was measured in three species of fish living at different environmental temperatures (ET). The time (min) for 50% denaturation (T sub(1/2)d) of the haemoglobin at 2 mg ml super(-1) in 50 mM phosphate buffer, pH 7.3 was 46.4 plus or minus 1.7 for Oreochromis alcalic...
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Juvenile rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss were exposed to diets with low (12.6 nmol g(-1)), normal (50.4 nmol g(-1)) or elevated (4437.5 nmol g(-1)) Cu concentrations in combination with either low (5.8 nmol l(-1)) or normal (48.5 nmol l(-1)) waterborne Cu levels over a 50-day period, during which ...
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The present study examined the interactions between elevated dietary calcium (as ionic Ca2+ in the form of CaCl2 x 2H2O) and acute waterborne Cd exposure (50 microg/l as CdNO3 for 3 h) on whole body uptake and internal distribution of newly accumulated Cd, Ca2+, and Na+ in juvenile rainbow trout (On...
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Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss fry in moderately hard water were exposed to control or high levels of dietary Cu (c. 6 and 580 ug Cu g food-1) at one of three levels of Na (1.5, 3.0 or 4.5%) in the diet, i.e. six experimental groups. Fish were fed a 4% body mass ration daily for 28 days and 10 in...