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The recent detection of the invasive colonial tunicate Diplosoma listerianum in Havre- Aubert, Magdalen Islands (Quebec, Canada) in 2008, prompted the development of a molecular assay as a method to detect and monitor for the potential invasion of this species in Prince Edward Island. The aim of thi...
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Resistance development to parasiticides has been a problem in both terrestrial and aquatic environments. A major challenge exists in early detection of resistance emergence due to the low frequency at which resistant organisms can occur initially within a population and the difficulty in detecting t...
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Invasive tunicates are creating costly fouling problems to the mussel aquaculture industry in many regions including Prince Edward Island, Canada. These invasive tunicates are also posing a threat to the ecosystem integrity of native species. There are currently four invasive tunicate species presen...
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A variety of human enteropathogens, including viruses, bacteria, and parasites, have been shown to bioaccumulate in suspension-feeding bivalve shellfish. Cryptosporidium parvum is a zoonotic protozoan parasite that has been detected in many shellfish species within both fecally contaminated and clea...
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A mathematical model was used to describe the population of the aquatic invasive species, Ciona intestinalis in the presence of cultured mussel production. A differential equation model was developed to represent the key life stages: egg, larva, recruit, juvenile and adult. Stage transition rates we...
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Blue mussel Mytilus edulis aquaculture lines and associated gear provide habitat for sessile and mobile epifaunal fouling organisms. Due to food limitations and substrate space, these species are likely to interact among themselves and with mussels. In some areas of Prince Edward Island and elsewher...
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A letter to the editor is presented discussing polychaete composition in blue mussel fouling communities in relation to mussel stocking density and seasonality of mussel deployment and sampling.
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The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of the pesticides/polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon mixture on aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), p53 and ubiquitin mRNA level in haemocytes of Mya arenaria exposed to a mixture of chlorothalonil, mancozeb and benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) for 48 and 72 h. AhR,...
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Cysts of the protozoan parasite Giardia have been detected in many bivalve shellfish species worldwide. The detection of zoonotic Giardia duodenalis assemblages A and B is of public health concern, yet there is limited data available demonstrating the bioaccumulation and elimination of Giardia cysts...
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Invasive species such as ascidians have negative effects on aquaculture operations worldwide. Prince Edward Island, Canada, in particular has seen high fouling levels of non-native tunicates including the colonials Botryllus schlosseri and Botrylloides violaceus. Previous research indicated that hig...
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The zoonotic protozoan parasites Cryptosporidium parvum, and Giardia duodenalis can colonize the gastrointestinal tracts of many farmed, domestic and wild animals, and are capable of causing disease in humans. Due to their high prevalence in dairy and beef cattle, farms are considered to be potentia...
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There are currently four invasive tunicate species which are causing significant challenges to the aquaculture industry in Atlantic Canada: Ciona intestinalis, Styela clava, Botryllus schlosseri and Botrylloides violaceus. Molecular PCR based assays have been developed in previous studies as high th...
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Due to the challenges of managing invasive species, new technologies to assist in monitoring for the early detection of early life stages of invasive species is critical for many regions of the world. Invasive tunicates have been causing challenges to the shellfish aquaculture industry in Atlantic C...
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Four hundred eighty mature marine mussels (Mytilus edulis) were collected in late April from a mussel lease in an estuary in Prince Edward Island, Canada. Squash preparations made of reproductive gland (mantle) tissue of each mussel were stained with Wright-Giemsa stain and were examined by one inve...
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Since all retroviruses possess reverse transcriptase (RT) enzyme, reverse transcriptase activity has been the main supportive evidence of retroviral etiology of haemic neoplasia (HN) in soft shell clams, Mya arenaria. The objective of the present study was to search for a putative retrovirus in vari...
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This report describes the first 4 years of an experimental rotation in ecosystem health offered to senior veterinary students in Canada. Faculty from the 4 Canadian veterinary colleges collaborated in offering the rotation once annually at one of the colleges. The first rotation was held in Guelph, ...
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A colorimetric method (glucose oxidase/peroxidase) for indirect measurement of glycogen concentrations in tissue homogenates of marine mussels (Mytilus edulis) was evaluated. This method uses a conversion of glycogen to glucose by amyloglucosidase. Varying the buffer pH (4.5, 5.0; 5.5) and the amylo...
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A colorimetric method for indirect measurement of glycogen concentrations in tissue homogenates of eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) was evaluated. This method uses a conversion of glycogen to glucose by amyloglucosidase. The procedure was optimized Fur extracting buffer pH (5.0) and amylogluc...
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In Prince Edward Island, Canada, acetic acid treatments that are used to control the clubbed tunicate (Styela clava), a fouling pest on mussel lines, may also affect other epifaunal mussel sock species, including potential tunicate predators. We studied the effect of acetic acid treatment on two pot...